Peter Chapter 1
Memory verses for this week:
13:9 The light of the
righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
We begin a new study this week on the book of I Peter.
Peter of course was one of the apostles, and was the brother
of Andrew. Their
father’s name was Jonah. From
the references in one of my study guides, it stated that the book
was written in approximately AD 63-64.
Peter identifies his location at the time of writing as
Babylon (1 Pet. 5:13). The
approximate date for the writing of 1 Peter would then be a.d.
63 or 64, during the reign of Nero, under whose hand Peter
eventually suffered martyrdom as Jesus had prophesied (cf. John
21:18, 19). 
Pet 1:1 Peter, an
apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout
Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
Pet 1:2 Elect according
to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of
the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus
Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
Peter is writing to the strangers scattered through out
Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. These were all saved children of God and were elected
according to the foreknowledge of God.
Predestination and election are two of the most difficult
doctrines to comprehend and to get a proper handle on.
We have people who want to limit God and his capacity to know
and save, and then we have others who want to go to extremes and say
that man has nothing to do with salvation.
The whole plan of human redemption was laid out according to
God’s foreknowledge. How
were these people elected?? Peter
said it was through sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience, and
the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.
2 Th 2:13
But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you,
brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning
chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and
belief of the truth:
2 Th 2:14
Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of
the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Jesus died for all mankind, but only those who accept Christ
are saved. I
thought J. Vernon McGee’s comments on verse 2 were good.
We must recognize that our God is a sovereign God and
that this little universe is His.
He created it. I don’t know why He created it as He did, but since
He is absolutely omniscient (knowing everything), and since He is
omnipotent (having all power), and since He is sovereign, I conclude
that He can do anything He wants to do that is consistent with His
has a right to plan for the future. Apparently He did some planning.
We call those plans the decrees that God had in His mind in the very
beginning. That is to say, He had a plan that He was going to
follow. He decreed to create the universe, and He did it. He never
asked you or me about it. In fact, He has never asked me whether I
wanted to be in existence. He could have left me out altogether. And
He could have left you out, but He didn’t! Thank God, He thought
of you and me.
there was the decree to permit the fall of man. This, I think, took
a great deal of planning on God’s part, knowing that when He
created the free moral agent called man, he would fall when given a
free choice. Mankind chose to disobey God, but God had made
arrangements for it. He had the decree to elect some to salvation,
and He had the decree that He would send a Savior into the world. He
certainly did that. He made a decree that He would save those who
came to Him, the elect. You can call them anything you wish, but the
people who turned to Christ for salvation are the elect. You may
say, “Well, He didn’t choose everybody.” I don’t find that
in Scripture. The Lord Jesus said, “All that the Father giveth me
shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast
out” (John 6:37). His invitation to “whosoever will” is,
“Come unto me” (see Matt 11:28). It is a legitimate invitation
to everyone, but there must be a response, and the response is your
responsibility and my responsibility.
Peter really gets deep when he says, “Elect according to
the foreknowledge of God.” You see, God is moving according to His
plan. There must have been an infinite number of plans before Him,
but He chose this one. Why? Because He knew it was the best possible
plan, and little man is in no position to challenge His choice. He
is the Creator and we are only creatures. You and I didn’t even
determine the time we would be born, or the family into which we
would come, or our height, or the color of our eyes, or our IQ.
Whatever we are today is by the grace of God. He is the one who
determined all of those things for us. They are all a part of His
great plan. 
Verse 2 talks of the trinity. The Foreknowledge of God the Father, the Sanctification of
the Spirit, and the Blood of Jesus Christ.
We who are saved have a special hope, a hope based upon
God’s foreknowledge. Our
hope is made effective through the sanctifying work of the Holy
Spirit. You and I can’t know what tomorrow holds until we get
there, but God is not limited by time.
He looks down from heaven and can see the beginning of time
that he set and the end where He set the bounds.
Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For
who hath resisted his will?
Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall
the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me
Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to
make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power
known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the
vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also
of the Gentiles?
Our responsibility to obey the gospel.
When we do that, we have redemption through His blood.
There is nothing in us that causes God to save us… it is
our obedience to His plan.
Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch
as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as
silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition
from your fathers; 19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a
lamb without blemish and without spot:
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through
our Lord Jesus Christ:
The Trials of the Child of God
Pet 1:3 Blessed be the
God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his
abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the
resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
Pet 1:4 To an
inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away,
reserved in heaven for you,
Who has given us this hope?
It is of course Jesus Christ.
All of us were aliens at one time of the commonwealth of God,
and were without hope in this old world.
God has begotten us unto a lively hope by the resurrection of
Jesus Christ from the dead. Thank
the Lord we as Christians have a ‘living hope.’
Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in
the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the
Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from
the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of
promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are
made nigh by the blood of Christ.
The object of our hope is defined as being an inheritance in
verse 4. This
inheritance is one that is sure, one that will not fade away.
If you grow flowers in the summertime, you know how they can
look so pretty one day, and then a hot spell will come and they will
really fade away. Our
inheritance is not like flowers… it is sure, eternal, and
steadfast. We have it
awaiting us in heaven.
Pet 1:5 Who are kept by
the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed
in the last time.
Pet 1:6 Wherein ye
greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in
heaviness through manifold temptations:
Pet 1:7 That the trial
of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth,
though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour
and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
The ones who await this inheritance are kept by the power of
God through faith. It
speaks of how our faith
is sometimes tried, even as by fire, but it reveals the true
sincerity of our salvation, and we will be found unto praise and
honour and glory when Christ returns.
We are kept by Jesus Christ, certainly not powerful in
how Paul put it to young Timothy.
I know in whom I have believed, and have total confidence
that HE is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against
that day. We don’t keep ourselves.
2 Tim 1:12
For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless
I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded
that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against
Pet 1:8 Whom having not
seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye
rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
Pet 1:9 Receiving the
end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.
Even though these Peter is writing to had not seen Christ
with their human eye, they loved him.
That is how we believe and trust in God. By the eye of faith we see him. Remember the definition of faith we read back in our
study of Hebrews.
Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence
of things not seen.
Pet 1:10 Of which
salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who
prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
Pet 1:11 Searching
what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them
did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ,
and the glory that should follow.
Pet 1:12 Unto whom it
was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did
minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that
have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from
heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Notice how many times salvation is referenced here from
verses 9 – 12. Of
this salvation, the prophets of ancient times spoke and wrote.
And they wrote as the Holy Spirit directed concerning “the
sufferings of Christ and the glory that should follow.”
These prophets did not know the exact time these things were
to be fulfilled, but just as we look for the soon return of Christ,
those men and women of old had faith that God would bring the
Messiah into the world. Many
Jews today are looking for the Messiah to come and they pray daily
that God will send Him. The unfortunate thing is that their eyes are blinded to
the fact that He has already come the first time.
Verse 12 says that these things revealed were known to be
future events, and not things for themselves during their day. It also mentions that even the angels desire to look into the
things the prophets were preaching about.
Angels are in heaven, but they do not totally understand
salvation, since it was not prepared for them, only for fallen man.
Redemption and the New Birth
Pet 1:13 Wherefore gird
up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the
grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus
Pet 1:14 As obedient
children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in
Pet 1:15 But as he
which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of
Pet 1:16 Because it is
written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
Pet 1:17 And if ye call
on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to
every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:
The words ‘gird up the loins of your mind’ has reference
to bringing every thought into subjection to the revealed will of
God. In Galatians, Paul
made mention of how we need to have our loins girded about with
Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and
having on the breastplate of righteousness;
And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of
Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be
able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the
Spirit, which is the word of God:
Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the
Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and
supplication for all saints;
Adam Clark in his commentary said this about verse 14.
1 Peter 1:14
Not fashioning yourselves—As
the offices of certain persons are known by the garb or livery they
wear, so are transgressors: where we see the world’s livery we see
the world’s servants; they fashion or habit themselves according
to their lusts, and we may guess that they have a worldly mind by
their conformity to worldly fashions.
You and I should be different from the world.
We know the fashions of this world fade away, but Jesus is
eternal. We are
commanded to be holy, and no one can be holy without first knowing
Christ as Lord and Savior.
1 Cor 7:31
And they that use this world, as not abusing it: for the
fashion of this world passeth away.
Pet 1:18 Forasmuch as
ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver
and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from
Pet 1:19 But with the
precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without
Silver and gold speak of two of the most cherished elements
here on earth. It
says we have been redeemed by something much greater than silver and
gold. We have
been redeemed by the precious blood of Christ.
Pet 1:20 Who verily was
foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in
these last times for you,
Pet 1:21 Who by him do
believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him
glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
Christ was foreordained before the foundation of the world to
become the sacrifice that would take away sin. We studied in Hebrews about the old testament
sacrifices and all the animals that were put to death to atone for
sin. But the blood of those animals could not take away one sin.
God ordained that Jesus Christ would go to Calvary, die there
on that old tree, and pay the penalty of sin.
Those old testament sacrifices never took away sin, but they
pointed to the One who would take away sin.
As verse 19 put it: ‘a lamb without blemish or spot.’
Jesus led the perfect life, and was guilty of no sin.
He died in our place that we might go free.
Pet 1:22 Seeing ye have
purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto
unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a
pure heart fervently:
Pet 1:23 Being born
again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of
God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
Pet 1:24 For all flesh
is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The
grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
Pet 1:25 But the word
of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the
gospel is preached unto you.
A person must hear the Word of God to be saved.
God chose the foolishness of preaching to be the method that
the gospel would be spread.
A person must hear the word of God to be saved, and they have
to come to God with faith.
For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be
How then shall they call on him in whom they have not
believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not
heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is
written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel
of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith,
Lord, who hath believed our report?
So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of
1 Cor 1:21
For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew
not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them
1 Cor 1:22
For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after
1 Cor 1:23
But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a
stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness;
1 Cor 1:24
But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ
the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
1 Cor 1:25
Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the
weakness of God is stronger than men.
No one will call upon God unless someone preaches the Gospel.
All of us have a responsibility to go forth and proclaim the
truth and tell others about Jesus Christ.
Material things pass away, but the Word of God endures
Internet Bible Studies are prepared and
distributed free of charge. The
lessons may not be sold without consent.
If you have questions or wish to discuss the lessons, or
possibly need help in finding Jesus Christ as your Personal Lord and
Savior, contact David Parham at 940-322-4343.
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that
shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Practice Random Acts of Kindness.
Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.