Memory verses for this week:
Psa 116:15 Precious in the sight of the
LORD is the death of his saints.
We continue our study on Samuel this week. In last week’s
lesson, we studied about Saul doing work for his father in seeking
out the asses that had strayed away. God used this excursion to
bring Saul to the place where Samuel was that he might be appointed
the first king of Israel.
Saul is Anointed King
1 Sam 10:1
Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and
kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee
to be captain over his inheritance?
1 Sam 10:2
When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men
by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they
will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found:
and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth
for you, saying, What shall I do for my son?
Samuel anoints Saul as king of Israel and declares that it was
because the Lord had chosen him to be king. Samuel was honored
to anoint both the first and second kings of Israel. When David
was chosen to be the next king, it was Samuel who anointed him.
There were three signs to Saul showing that he was to be the king.
The first was in verse 2. This first sign would occur when Saul
arrived at the border of Benjamin at Zelzah which was near the tomb
of Rachel. He would find two men who would tell him that his
father’s asses had been found and his father was now sorrowing for
his son. His father feared that evil had befallen Saul and his
servant since he had been gone so long on his journey.
1 Sam 10:3
Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to
the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to
God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three
loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
1 Sam 10:4 And
they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou
shalt receive of their hands.
1 Sam 10:5
After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison
of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come
thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets
coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a
pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
The second sign would come when Saul reached the plain of Tabor
where he would meet three men on their way to Bethel. One would be
carrying 3 kid goats, the second would be carrying 2 loaves of
bread, and the last would be carrying a bottle of wine. They would
salute Saul and give him 2 loaves of bread which Samuel told Saul to
accept. This was their acknowledgment of his new position. The
third sign was in verse 5. This would occur at the hill of God,
where there was a garrison of Philistines occupying the land.
There he would meet a company of prophets carrying musical
instruments and preaching. At this point, the spirit of God would
come upon Saul and he would prophesy.
1 Sam 10:6 And
the spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy
with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
1 Sam 10:7 And
let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as
occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.
1 Sam 10:8 And
thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come
down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice
sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I
come to thee, and show thee what thou shalt do.
1 Sam 10:9 And
it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God
gave him another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day.
We see that when the spirit of the lord came upon Saul, he turned
into another man. I believe this speaks of Saul being saved. In
verse 9 it says God gave him another heart. Without being born
again, we can not have fellowship with God and be used by God in
2 Cor 5:17
Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things
are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
Saul had the ability to prophesy, and I believe God’s prophets were
saved men, ones who had a different heart. These signs God gave to
Saul were for the purpose of convincing Saul that God had called him
to be the king, and show him that God would use him to prophesy.
He was told in verse 7 that as God warranted, he would have him to
prophesy more. And he promised to be with Saul. We as children
of God have a promise that God will never leave us nor forsake us
when we know Jesus as our Lord and Savior.
Heb 13:5 Let
your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such
things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor
Heb 13:6 So
that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear
what man shall do unto me.
When Moses was leading the nation of Israel, he desired to have the
presence of God with him as they journeyed to Canaan.
Exo 33:12 And
Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this
people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me.
Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found
grace in my sight.
Exo 33:13 Now
therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, show me
now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy
sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
Exo 33:14 And
he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.
Exo 33:15 And
he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up
Exo 33:16 For
wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found
grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall
we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon
the face of the earth.
Exo 33:17 And
the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast
spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by
In verse 8, Samuel instructed Saul to go down before him to Gilgal.
There he would meet with him and offer sacrifices to God. He would
give him further instructions when he arrived at Gilgal.
II. The Prophets Meet Saul as the Spirit of God Comes Upon Him
1 Sam 10:10
And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of
prophets met him; and the spirit of God came upon him, and he
prophesied among them.
1 Sam 10:11
And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that,
behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one
to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul
also among the prophets?
1 Sam 10:12
And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their
father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the
The words that Samuel spoke to Saul came true. When it is God’s
word, you can be sure it will come to pass. Saul prophesied just
as Samuel had told him. We are not told what he said, but it was
accepted by those who heard him. They question “Is Saul also among
the prophets?” It says this was spoken to the point that it became
1 Sam 10:13
And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high
1 Sam 10:14
And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye?
And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no
where, we came to Samuel.
1 Sam 10:15
And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said unto
1 Sam 10:16
And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were
found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he
told him not.
After Saul had preached his sermon, he went up to the high place.
This high place was evidently where the company of prophets had
started. Saul’s uncle met him. He sought to settle his curiosity
about what had befallen his nephew since he had last seen him. He
asked where he had been, and Saul told him he had been on a
fruitless search for the lost asses and had come to Samuel. Saul’
uncle inquires as to what Samuel had told him. Saul for some
reason told him only the part about how the asses had been found,
but did not tell of the kingdom that he had acquired as king of
Matthew Henry said this about Saul receiving a new heart.
Those signs which Samuel had given him came to pass very
punctually; but that which gave him the greatest satisfaction of all
was this, he found immediately that God had given him another heart.
A new fire was kindled in his breast, such as he had never before
been acquainted with: seeking the asses is quite out of his mind,
and he thinks of nothing but fighting the Philistines, redressing
the grievances of Israel, making laws, administering justice, and
providing for the public safety; these are the things that now fill
his head. He finds himself raised to such a pitch of boldness and
bravery as he never thought he should be conscious of. He has no
longer the heart of a husbandman, which is low, and mean, and
narrow, and concerned only about his corn and cattle; but the heart
of a statesman, a general, a prince. Whom God calls to any service
he will make fit for it. If he advance to another station, he will
give another heart, to those who sincerely desire to serve him with
their power .[i]
III. Samuel Calls the People Together
1 Sam 10:17
And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh;
1 Sam 10:18
And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of
Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of
the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and
of them that oppressed you:
1 Sam 10:19
And ye have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of
all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto
him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves
before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.
So Samuel calls the people together into Mizpeh. This was the city
in the plains of Judah near Gilgal. Samuel calls their attention
to the facts about how God had brought them out of Egypt. He
accuses them of rejecting God and how they had desired an earthly
king to reign over them.
1 Sam 10:20
And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near,
the tribe of Benjamin was taken.
1 Sam 10:21
When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their
families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish
was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found.
Samuel called the people to present themselves by tribes and
families. By this process, the king the Lord wanted would be
chosen. When all the tribes had passed by in review, the choice
would be the tribe of Benjamin. When they came by, the family of
Matri was taken. From this family, the son of Kish would be
chosen, who was Saul.
1 Sam 10:22
Therefore they inquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet
come thither. And the LORD answered, Behold, he hath hid himself
among the stuff.
1 Sam 10:23
And they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood among the
people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and
1 Sam 10:24
And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath
chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all
the people shouted, and said, God save the king.
1 Sam 10:25
Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it
in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the
people away, every man to his house.
Verse 22 said that Saul went and hid himself among the stuff. I’m
afraid that many times when God has a job for us to do, we don’t
come forward and do it. We may be found hiding behind all sorts of
‘stuff’. We shouldn’t have to be sought out like Saul was, but
should be like Isaiah and come boldly when the opportunity arises.
Isa 6:8 Also I
heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will
go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.
In Ezekiel, it spoke of a time when God needed men to make up the
hedge, and he could not find any. Today God wants men and women
who have perseverance who will make up the hedge today.
Ezek 22:30 And
I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and
stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy
it: but I found none.
When Saul came out, it was apparent that God had chosen this man as
he stood a head above all the other men. The people readily
accepted their new king, and shouted “God save the king.” It says
Samuel wrote the things down in a book and laid it before the
Lord. At that point, Samuel sent the people away to their own
J. Vernon McGee said when Samuel wrote these things down, he
believed it was the first book of Samuel that he wrote.
“Then Samuel told” the children of Israel about “the manner of the
kingdom, and wrote it in a book.” On the basis of this we believe
that Samuel wrote the first part of the book of 1 Samuel.
IV. Saul Goes Home
1 Sam 10:26
And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of
men, whose hearts God had touched.
1 Sam 10:27
But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And
they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his
After Samuel’s command, Saul also went back to his home in Gibeah.
And with him went a band of men whose hearts God had touched. If
you want to accomplish something for God, you need to have a band of
men with you who God has saved and anointed. Great things can be
accomplished when we have one mind, and that mind being the mind of
Christ. Note that there are always doubters when God chooses you
for his work. The children of Belial question whether Saul could
save them. They brought no presents, but Saul was wise and held
his peace. There will always be doubters, but we are to trust God
and not be worried by those who doubt God and his plan.
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
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Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
Matthew Henry’s Commentary
on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.