I Samuel Chapter 12
Memory verses for this week:
Psa 136:1 O give thanks unto the LORD; for
he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
We continue our study on Samuel this week. In last week’s
lesson, we studied about the deliverance of the men of Jabesh by the
leadership of Saul. After this victory, Saul was truly accepted as
the first king of Israel.
Proclamation of the Kingdom
1 Sam 12:1 And
Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your
voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
1 Sam 12:2 And
now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am old and
grayheaded; and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked
before you from my childhood unto this day.
1 Sam 12:3
Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before
his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or
whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have
I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will
restore it you.
1 Sam 12:4 And
they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither
hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
Saul declares that he has hearkened unto the people’s voice. In
this, he was being obedient unto the Lord.
1 Sam 8:7 And
the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in
all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but
they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
In verses 2 through 5, Samuel takes one last chance to preach to
Israel on the folly of their desire to have an earthly king. He
speaks of himself as an old gray-haired man cast off by the people.
Even his own sons had taken sides with them against Samuel. Samuel
had all his life served the Lord and walked before the people from
his youth for their good. Samuel asks them to make accusations
against him of any fault of which he might be guilty. If he had
taken any man’s ox or ass, or defrauded or oppressed them, let him
know. He promised to make full restitution to anyone to who he had
taken a bribe. Samuel was an honest man with a pure heart before
the Lord. None could find fault in him. The people readily
admitted that he was not guilty of any of these things.
1 Sam 12:5 And
he said unto them, The LORD is witness against you, and his anointed
is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And
they answered, He is witness.
Samuel called on the Lord to witness this admission, and also their
king whom they had chosen. The people agreed and said “He is
II. Samuel Rehearses the Deliverance of Jehovah
1 Sam 12:6 And
Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that advanced Moses and
Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt.
1 Sam 12:7 Now
therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of
all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your
Samuel gives all the credit to God
for bringing Israel into the land of Canaan. Moses and Aaron were
only instruments in the hands of God in the deliverance of Israel.
He asked them to stand and listen to what he had to say concerning
their fathers. The Lord had brought them out of Egypt and
established them in Canaan, but they forgot Him and fell into the
hands of Sisera, the Philistines, and the Moabites. These nations
brought bondage to the people and made them cry out unto the Lord.
They confessed that they had forsaken the Lord. They also
confessed that they had served the false gods of Baalim and
Ashtaroth. These were false gods of the heathen and Israel’s
worship of them brought the judgment of God upon them. They say
they will serve God if he will deliver them out of the enemies’
1 Sam 12:8
When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the
LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your
fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
1 Sam 12:9 And
when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of
Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the
Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought
1 Sam 12:10
And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we
have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but
now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve
1 Sam 12:11
And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel,
and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and
ye dwelled safe.
Out of the tribes, four men are
named to deliver Israel. He declares that these men were victorious
in their encounter with the enemies.
1 Sam 12:12
And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came
against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us:
when the LORD your God was your king.
When the Nahash, the king of Ammon came against them they requested
a king to reign over them. Samuel declares that at this time God
was their king. What would cause men to desire a man to rule over
them when God was their ruler?
1 Sam 12:13
Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have
desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over you.
1 Sam 12:14 If
ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not
rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and
also the king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD
1 Sam 12:15
But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the
commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against
you, as it was against your fathers.
Now that Israel had their king, if they would obey the voice of the
Lord and not rebel against His commandments, both they and their
king would prosper before the Lord. If they rebelled against God,
then He would again be against them, just as He had been against
III. The Sign of Thunder and Rain
1 Sam 12:16
Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do
before your eyes.
1 Sam 12:17 Is
it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall
send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your
wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in
asking you a king.
1 Sam 12:18 So
Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that
day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
God would do a miracle before their eyes. It was the time of wheat
harvest, and ordinarily there was no rain at this time. A heavy
rain could be disastrous to the harvest. He tells them to stand
and see what God was about to do. Samuel would call to the Lord
and He would send thunder and rain upon them because of their
wickedness in asking for a king instead of depending on the Lord.
They could see how great their sin was in the sight of God by His
dealing with them in the storm on their wheat fields. It must have
been a terrible and terrifying storm. We are told that the people
greatly feared the Lord and Samuel. They plead with the prophet to
pray for them. They confessed that they had sinned against the Lord
in asking for a king and ask him to pray for them that they die
1 Sam 12:19
And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the
LORD thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins
this evil, to ask us a king.
1 Sam 12:20
And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this
wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve
the LORD with all your heart;
1 Sam 12:21
And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things,
which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.
1 Sam 12:22
For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake:
because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.
1 Sam 12:23
Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in
ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right
1 Sam 12:24
Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart; for
consider how great things he hath done for you.
1 Sam 12:25
But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and
Note the advice Samuel gave the people in this verse. Even though
they had done evil he encouraged them to serve the Lord. There is
not a Christian on earth that has not sinned, but we are not to quit
but continue to do our very best for the Lord. If the people turned
aside they would probably go after evil things. Vain things can not
profit nor deliver us, only God can do this. God will never
forsake his people. It pleased God to make Israel His people.
Samuel assured them that he would continue to pray for them. He
promised to teach them the good and right way.
Jer 6:16 Thus
saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old
paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find
rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.
He closes warning them to turn from evil.
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