I Samuel Chapter
Memory verses for this week:
Acts 5:28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should
not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with
your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.
Acts 5:29 Then Peter and the other
apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
Introduction: We continue
our study on Samuel this week. In last weekís lesson, we studied
about the special love and respect that David and King Saulís son,
Jonathan, developed when Saul began to set out to destroy David. At
the end of the chapter, David was given King Saulís second daughter,
Michal to be his wife. It seemed to be a good thing at first, but we
found that Saul meant it to be a snare which might cause David to
become careless and be killed by the Philistines.
Saulís Third Attempt to Kill David
19:1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants,
that they should kill David.
19:2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan
told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now
therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and
abide in a secret place, and hide thyself:
19:3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where
thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see,
that I will tell thee.
1, it is clear that Saul did not keep his intentions to kill David a
secret. It says he told Jonathan and all his servants. Not only his
intentions, but that he wanted them to try and kill him also. David
had proven himself a very valuable man to Saul, but his jealousy
kept him from trusting him. Jonathan cared for David, and he goes
and tells David what Saulís intentions were. Jonathan delighted much
in David and this led him to tell David about the danger that faced
him. He told David to hide himself in a secret place in the field,
and he would check with Saul to see what he had planned and come and
19:4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said
unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David;
because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have
been to thee-ward very good:
19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine,
and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest
it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent
blood, to slay David without a cause?
19:6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware,
As the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.
spoke to his father and told him of all the good David had done for
him. He reminded Saul that David had never harmed him, but had
rather done many good things for him. He had put his life on the
line for the nation of Israel when he went out to fight the giant
Goliath. This turned into one of Israelís greatest victories. Saul
had witnessed this, but now wanted to kill David and shed innocent
blood. Verse six says that Saul listened to his son and he promised
that ďAs the Lord liveth, he shall not be slain. ď
19:7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all those
things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his
presence, as in times past.
goes out and tells the good news to David. It says he brought David
back to Saul, and he again was in Saulís presence as in the past.
19:8 And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with
the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled
19:9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in
his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his
19:10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the
javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote
the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.
19:11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him,
and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him,
saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be
As had been
the case many times before, war broke out with Israel and the
Philistines. David led the battle and this resulted in another great
victory for Israel. The acclaim this brought David bothered Saul,
and it says the evil spirit came back upon him. As David played the
harp, Saul attempted to smite David to the wall with the javelin.
God was with the young man as before, and he escaped any harm. Saul
sends messengers to Davidís house to watch for him and slay him the
following morning. Michal, Davidís wife understood what was
happening and told David he must flee before morning.
McGee said this about Saulís Intentions on killing David
An evil spirit comes upon Saul
again, and he wants to kill David. It is a very dramatic scene.
David is playing his harp, and Saul is fingering his javelin. David
senses his murderous mood. Saul throws that javelin with the intent
of pinning him to the wall. David knows that he is no longer safe in
the palace even though he is married to Saulís daughter. .
19:12 So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and
fled, and escaped.
19:13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a
pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth.
19:14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is
19:15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring
him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him.
19:16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an
image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster.
19:17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and
sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul,
He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?
helped David by sliding him down through a window so that he could
escape in the night. She took some image and placed it in the bed
with a pillow and covered it with a cloth to make it appear David
was asleep in bed. When they came to kill David, she told them that
he was sick. The messengers go to King Saul with the news, and he
tells them to bring him on the bed to him and he would slay David.
When they came to get him, they found they had been deceived by the
Kingís daughter. When Saul questions Michal about this, she lies and
says that David had threatened to kill her if she didnít help him
Spirit of God Protects David
19:18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and
told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and
dwelt in Naioth.
19:19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in
19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the
company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as
appointed over them, the spirit of God was upon the messengers of
Saul, and they also prophesied.
19:21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they
prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time,
and they prophesied also.
and goes to Samuel in Ramah. Both he and Samuel went and dwelled in
Naioth. This was the place where Samuel conducted a school for young
prophets. When Saul learns where they had fled, he sent messengers
down to take him. A strange thing happened. When the messengers
appeared, they saw a company of prophets prophesying with Samuel
overseeing them. The spirit of God moved on the messengers, and they
began to prophesy also. Saul sends a second and third group to try
and retrieve David, and each time the same thing happened. They
prophesied like the prophets.
19:22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is
in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one
said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.
19:23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the spirit of God
was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to
Naioth in Ramah.
disgusted with the lack of production from the messengers, so he
goes himself to Ramah. He inquires as to where Samuel and David are,
and he is told they are in Naioth. As Saul neared the men, the
spirit of the Lord came over him and he also prophesied.
Henry said this about David seeking out Samuel
I. Davidís place of refuge. Having
got away in the night from his own house, he fled not to Bethlehem
to his relations, nor to any of the cities of Israel that had
caressed and cried him up, to make an interest in them for his own
preservation; but he ran straight to Samuel and told him all that
Saul had done to him, v. 18. 1. Because Samuel was the man that had
given him assurance of the crown, and his faith in that assurance
now beginning to fail, and he being ready to say in his haste (or in
his flight, as some read it, Ps. 116:11), All men are liars ("not
only Saul that promised me my life, but Samuel himself that promised
me the throneíí), whither should he go but to Samuel, for such
encouragements, in this day of distress, as would support his faith?
In flying to Samuel he made God his refuge, trusting in the shadow
of his wings; where else can a good man think himself safe? 2.
Because Samuel, as a prophet, was best able to advise him what to do
in this day of his distress. In the psalm he penned the night before
he had lifted up his prayer to God, and now he takes the first
opportunity of waiting upon Samuel to receive direction and
instruction from God. If we expect answers of peace to our prayers,
we must have our ears open to Godís word. 3. Because with Samuel
there was a college of prophets with whom he might join in praising
God, and the pleasure of this exercise would be the greatest relief
imaginable to him in his present distress. He met with little rest
or satisfaction in Saulís court, and therefore went to seek it in
Samuelís church. And, doubtless, what little pleasure is to be had
in this world those have it that live a life of communion with God;
to this David retired in the time of trouble, Ps. 27:4-6.
19:24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before
Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that
night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
to affect King Saul in a strange way. It says he prophesied before
Samuel, and lay naked all that day and night. He prophesied as the
spirit of the Lord moved him. This is one of the strongest evidences
we have that Saul was a saved man. The spirit of God does not dwell
in the lost man. The people question where Saul is also among the
prophets as the chapter closes.
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But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more
and more unto the perfect day.
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