I Samuel Chapter
Memory verses for this week:
Gen 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him
that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be
Introduction: We continue
our study on Samuel this week. In last weekís lesson, we studied
about David having a chance to put Saul to death at a cave near
Engedi when Saul came in to rest in the very cave where David and
his men were hidden. David showed great restraint and told Saul that
it would not be his hand that put Saul to death.
Death of Samuel
25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together,
and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David
arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
The death of
perhaps one of the greatest prophets ever had an effect on the
entire nation of Israel. All Israel lamented him, and they buried
him in his house at Ramah. From what it says in verse 1, we can not
determine whether David attended the burial of Samuel. If he
attempted to come, he most definitely would be putting his life on
the line since he could not trust Saul. He had promised to not
pursue him at the end of chapter 24, but it was clear that David did
not trust his promise. David did arise and went down to the
wilderness of Paran. Paran was in the eastern part of Sinai. This
was the area where the Israelites wandered when they came out of
is Insulted by Nabal
25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel;
and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a
thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife
Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a
beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his
doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
25:4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his
25:5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young
men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my
25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace
be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all
that thou hast.
25:7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds
which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought
missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
his men were protecting the desert tribes for this man Nabal. The
name Nabal means ďfoolĒ. Nabalís wife was Abigail who was a very
beautiful and intelligent woman. At this time, Nabal was sheering
his sheep. When David heard he was doing this, he sent ten of his
young men to request food for David and his men. In verse six, David
says that Nabal lived in prosperity. His young men were to greet
Nabal with the words of peace to Nabal, his house, and all those
that were with him. They reminded Nabal how that they had protected
his shepherds and had received nothing from them in the past. They
tell them that they can prove this claim if it was needed.
25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will show thee. Wherefore let the
young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day:
give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy
servants, and to thy son David.
25:9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according
to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
simply request that they be given whatever seemed fair to Nabal. He
was at total liberty to choose what he would give to David and his
men. Davidís men came and did according to the words of David.
25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David?
and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that
break away every man from his master.
25:11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I
have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not
whence they be?
25:12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and
came and told him all those sayings.
25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword.
And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his
sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two
hundred abode by the stuff.
answered Davidís men with contempt and accuses him of being an
outlaw and rebel against the King. He refuses to give Davidís men
any of the supplies they need. When they returned with word of this,
it greatly angered David and he commands his men to gird on their
swords in verse 13 that they may raid Nabalís camp.
Abigail Is used to Stop the Bloodshed
25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying,
Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our
master; and he railed on them.
25:15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt,
neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with
them, when we were in the fields:
25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while
we were with them keeping the sheep.
25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is
determined against our master, and against all his household: for he
is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.
25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two
bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of
parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred
cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I
come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
25:20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by
the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down
against her; and she met them.
25:21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this
fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all
that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave
of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth
against the wall.
Nabalís young men anticipated the reaction of David to Nabalís
insult, and hurries to Abigail and tells here what has transpired.
He tells her of how David and his men had been a wall of protection
to them, and reminded her that Nabal had been very unreasonable.
Abigail quickly makes up several loads of food and sends them to
David. She did all of this without telling her husband. Abigail
meets David and falls at his feet taking the blame for what occurred
and begged him to listen to her plea.
25:23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the
ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the
25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let
this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in
thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even
Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is
with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord,
whom thou didst send.
25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul
liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed
blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine
enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto
my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my
plea, she makes several significant points. She first states that
she did not see the young men that came for help with food. In verse
26, she reminds David that God had been with David thus far and had
kept him from shedding blood and avenging his enemies. In verse 27,
she asks David to accept the gift which she brought for him and his
Henry spoke well of Abigail in his commentary.
We have here an account of Abigailís prudent
management for the preserving of her husband and family from the
destruction that was just coming upon them; and we find that she did
her part admirably well and fully answered her character. The
passion of fools often makes those breaches in a little time which
the wise, with all their wisdom, have much ado to make up again. It
is hard to say whether Abigail was more miserable in such a husband
or Nabal happy in such a wife. A virtuous woman is a crown to her
husband, to protect as well as adorn, and will do him good
and not evil. Wisdom in such a case as this was better than
weapons of war. 1. It was her wisdom that what she did she did
quickly, and without delay; she made haste, v. 18. It was no time to
trifle or linger when all was in danger. Those that desire
conditions of peace must send when the enemy is yet a great way off,
Lu. 14:32. 2. It was her wisdom that what she did she did herself,
because, being a woman of great prudence and very happy address, she
knew better how to manage it than any servant she had. The virtuous
woman will herself look well to the ways of her household,
and not devolve this duty wholly upon others. Abigail must endeavour
to atone for Nabalís faults. Now he had been in two ways rude to
Davidís messengers, and in them to David: He had denied them the
provisions they asked for, and he had given them very provoking
25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the
LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord
fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in
thee all thy days.
25:29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but
the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the
LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling
out, as out of the middle of a sling.
25:30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my
lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee,
and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;
25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart
unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my
lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well
with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.
In verse 28,
Abigail acknowledges that God would make David a sure house in His
time. She points out that she knew that David fought the battle of
the Lord and evil had not been found in him. She further states that
if David will refrain from this useless bloodshed, he will have no
cause for later regret.
McGee had a great comment about verse 29 where Abigail said Davidís
soul would be bound in the bundle of life with the Lord.
Although she does not mention him by name, Abigail is speaking about
Saul as the one who is pursuing David. Then she says one of the most
remarkable things about David, ďBut the soul of my lord shall be
bound in the bundle of life with the
Friend, that is exactly the position
of the believer in Christ Jesus. John, in his first epistle, calls
Christ ďEternal Life.Ē He says, ďFor the life was manifested, and we
have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life,
which was with the Father, and was manifested unto usĒ (1 John 1:2).
When you and I trust Him as Savior, the Holy Spirit comes and takes
residence in the body of the believer. Paul says, ďFor by one Spirit
are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles,
whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one
SpiritĒ (1 Cor. 12:13). You and I are brought into the family of God
by our faith in Christ. We are said to be
Christ. And there is no condemnation to those who are in Christ. So
we are bound in the bundle of life with the Lord Jesus Christ.
Then Abigail said, ďThe souls of thine enemies
God shall sling out.Ē David knew all about slingshots, and what he
had done to Goliath was well known in Israel.
Utters a Threefold Blessing to Abigail
25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel,
which sent thee this day to meet me:
25:33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast
kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself
with mine own hand.
25:34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath
kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to
meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning
light any that pisseth against the wall.
blesses God for sending Abigail to make her plea this day. He
believed her advice was based on the righteousness of God. He also
asks a blessing on Abigail for keeping him from the bloodshed and
vengeance. Had it not been for Abigail, most likely Nabal and all of
his men would have met their death this day.
25:35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him,
and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have
hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his
house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within
him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less
or more, until the morning light.
25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out
of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart
died within him, and he became as a stone.
25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote
Nabal, that he died.
accepted the gifts of food and sends her away in peace. Abigail came
to Nabal and found him having a great feast, and he was very drunk.
So she did not tell him what had transpired until the following
morning. When she told Nabal about the meeting, it says his heart
died within him and he became as a stone. In 10 days, the Lord took
Abigail Becomes Davidís Wife
25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be
the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand
of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath
returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent
and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel,
they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee
to him to wife.
25:41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and
said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of
the servants of my lord.
25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five
damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the
messengers of David, and became his wife.
acknowledges that it was God that took Nabalís life. After his
death, David sends for Abigail and asks her to become his wife. She
does not tarry, but goes with the men and becomes Davidís wife.
Abigail Becomes Davidís Wife
25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of
them his wives.
25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to
Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.
time, Saul had taken his daughter Michal and given here to another
man. David takes both Abigail and Ahinoam of Jezreel as his wives.
David learned during this time of his life to really look to God for
his protection. We see this in Psalm 63 where he penned these words:
A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah. O God,
thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee,
my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water
To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the
Because thy lovingkindness is better than life, my lips shall praise
Thus will I bless thee while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy
My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness; and my mouth
shall praise thee with joyful lips:
When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night
Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings
will I rejoice.
My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.
But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower
parts of the earth.
They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion for foxes.
But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that sweareth by him
shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.
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But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more
and more unto the perfect day.
Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.