Timothy Chapter 1
verses for this week: Psalm
113:3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the
LORD’S name is to be praised.
begin a new study on the books written to Timothy by Paul this week.
These two books, along with Titus, are commonly called the
“Pastoral Epistles” not because they were written to pastors,
but because the relate to taking care of the flock, and were the
last group of Paul’s letters.
1 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by
the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is
our hope; 2 Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and
peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Paul identifies himself as an apostle of Jesus Christ
by the commandment of God. For
the first time in his writings, Paul refers to God as “our
Saviour”. This is so
true, since Christ is the Savior and He is one of the three of the
Godhead or Trinity. Paul also in his letter to Titus used the term of “God our
Saviour”. Christ is
referred to as our hope.
And what a hope Jesus is.
Without Christ, we are nothing and can not approach God.
But by having Him as our Savior, we can and are the
joint-heirs with God. Not because of anything good on our part, but because we have
accepted what Jesus did for us when He paid the sin sacrifice on
Colossians 1:27 To
whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this
mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of
Paul refers to Timothy as his own son in the faith.
Some have mistaken this to mean Timothy was the son of Paul,
but that is not true. We believe Timothy was saved under the ministry of Paul,
thereby the term of ‘son in the faith.’
These men were close friends and Paul was a very good and
powerful influence on this young man.
In the latter part of verse 2, Paul wishes him grace, mercy,
and peace. I think here
he is not speaking of the grace that first saved us, but is speaking
of the grace that sustains and keeps us.
Hebrews 4:16 Let
us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may
obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Probably the mercy is similar in that it is not
speaking of the mercy we received when we were first forgiven of our
sins, but is the mercy we receive day after day as we become
conscious of our failures and sins.
We have to confess our sins daily, and when we do, God
forgives us of our failures.
1 John 1:9 If
we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins,
and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1
John 1:10 If
we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is
not in us.
Likewise, the peace of God mentioned is not that
peace we received when we were saved, but rather the peace that
gives us confidence in the day of adversity.
Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God
through our Lord Jesus Christ:
A Special Commission to Timothy
As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into
Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other
doctrine, 4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies,
which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in
faith: so do.
know that Paul had left young Timothy at Ephesus as he traveled on
into Macedonia. While
he was there in Ephesus, he had a responsibility to see that they
teach no other doctrine. Notice
it says this to “SOME” in verse 3, and later speaks of
“some” in verse 6 and 19, and also in Chapter 4:1 and Chapter
allowing no false doctrine, they were also to ignore fables and
endless genealogies. Some
people are like that… they would rather believe a far-fetched
fairy tale than to true Word of God.
That was the kind of people Paul found in Athens on Mars
17:20 For thou bringest
certain strange things to our ears: we would know therefore what
these things mean.
17:21 (For all the
Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing
else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)
purpose as teachers and pastors is to edify the body, not to divide
or cause endless questions. All
the important things are clearly laid out in God’s Word, and we
need to study it and build up one another with those words.
And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some,
evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting
of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the
body of Christ: 13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and
of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the
measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:
III. The Law and Its Purpose
5 Now the end of the
commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good
conscience, and of faith unfeigned: 6 From which some having swerved
have turned aside unto vain jangling; 7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
tells us that the end of the commandment (meaning the law) is love.
The command to love God first and our neighbor second are the
great commandments of the law and on those two hand all the law and
Matthew 22:37 Jesus
said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first
and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt
love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all
the law and the prophets.
have deviated from the law and turned to ‘vain jangling’.
I’m afraid there may be more jangling coming from pulpits
today than true doctrinal teachings. Men are full of empty words whereas God’s Word is true and
brings us wisdom when applied.
Verse 7 says they desire to be teachers of the law, but not
only don’t understand what they are saying nor what it is that
they affirm. The true
man of God has his feet on a the solid rock, understands the basic
teachings of God’s Word, and can defend his position and teach
sound doctrinal teaching. Some in Paul’s day were misusing the law
and said that you had to be circumcised to be saved.
Never was this taught by the law.
Acts 15:1 And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the
brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of
Moses, ye cannot be saved.
Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall
profit you nothing. 3 For I testify again to every man that is
circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 4 Christ is
become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the
law; ye are fallen from grace.
Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if
there had been a law given which could have given life, verily
righteousness should have been by the law.
a desire to teach is good, but we need to know God’s Word before
we try to teach others. This
way the teaching will be effective and truly help others.
It is crucial that we know the truth and teach the truth if
we want to be crowned by the Lord one day.
Cor 9:24 Know ye not
that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize?
So run, that ye may obtain.
Cor 9:25 And every man
that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they
do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
Cor 9:26 I therefore so
run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the
Cor 9:27 But I keep
under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means,
when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.
8 But we know that
the law is good, if a man use it lawfully; 9 Knowing this, that the
law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and
disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and
profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for
manslayers, 10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves
with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and
if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
makes a serious point that there is nothing wrong with the law if a
man uses it properly. It
is used to show us how unrighteous we truly are, and that without
Christ we have no hope. Righteousness
by the law could not nor never will justify a man.
The commands of God are good and are for our benefit, but we
will never reach perfection like our Lord Jesus Christ was able to
accomplish in his life. He fulfilled the law to every jot and tittle of the law.
3:19 Now we know that
what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the
law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become
guilty before God.
3:20 Therefore by the
deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for
by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Romans 7:12 Wherefore
the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.
Vernon McGee had this to say about verse 8.
Now Paul warns against legalists, those who taught
that the law is a means of salvation and a means of sanctification
Law served a purpose, but God did not give it as a means of
salvation. The Law condemns us; it reveals to man that he is a
sinner in need of a Savior. Under the Law the best man in the world
is absolutely condemned, but under the gospel the worst man can be
justified if he will believe in Christ.
sinner cannot be saved by good works for he is unable to perform any
good works. Paul wrote in Romans, “So then they that are in the
flesh cannot please God” (Rom. 8:8). This idea that in and of
yourself you can please God absolutely contradicts the Word of God.
It is impossible to please Him—you cannot
meet His standard.
Good works cannot produce salvation, but salvation
can produce good works. We are not saved by
good works, but we are saved unto
good works. Paul makes this very clear in Ephesians 2:8–10 where
we read: “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of
yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should
boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good
works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in
9 shows that the law is not for the righteous man, but those that
are lawless and disobedient.
Who are these ungodly and sinners?
I’m afraid that it describes all of us at one point in
life. Until we come to
Jesus Christ for salvation, we will never be justified before God.
Only by having Christ’s righteousness imputed unto us can
be approach the Heavenly Father.
Once a person makes a commitment to Jesus Christ and becomes
a child of God, those things mentioned should never be a part of our
life. Those things
listed are horrible sins, and point out the depravity of man.
But we are a new man or woman when Christ saves us.
We are to walk in righteousness, not darkness.
Romans 7:7 What
shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known
sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had
said, Thou shalt not covet.
law was given as a schoolmaster to show us our true condition before
3:21 Is the law then
against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law
given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have
been by the law.
3:22 But the scripture
hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus
Christ might be given to them that believe.
3:23 But before faith
came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which
should afterwards be revealed.
3:24 Wherefore the law
was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be
justified by faith.
3:25 But after that
faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
11 According to the
glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
that is contrary to sound doctrine should be shunned by the child of
God. Paul says
the glorious gospel of the blessed was committed to his trust.
We all have a responsibility to tell others about Christ and
to share the TRUE gospel with all men and women, boys and girls.
Paul’s Life and Conversion as an example
And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he
counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry; 13 Who was before
a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy,
because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
that there are three things mentioned here that Christ did for Paul.
He put Paul in the ministry.
In other Words, Paul was called into God’s Service.
He enabled Paul. He was not born with the ability to be effective, but
received a special revelation
from the Lord Jesus Christ.
He counted Paul faithful.
that we might all be so dedicated to the Lord that we might be
counted faithful. We
know it is impossible to please God without faith.
Before Paul became a man of faith, he was a blasphemer, a
persecutor, one who bound Christians and brought them back to be put
to death. Before he was converted, Paul’s name was Saul.
Acts 9:1 And
Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the
disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, 2 And desired of
him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of
this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound
unto Jerusalem. 3 And
as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined
round about him a light from heaven: 4 And he fell to the earth, and
heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?
5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus
whom thou persecutest: it is hard for thee to kick against the
pricks. 6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou
have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the
city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.
persecuted the church in ignorance.
He thought he was doing God a favor in trying to stop
14 And the grace of
our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in
Christ Jesus. 15 This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all
acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners;
of whom I am chief. 16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that
in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a
pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life
everlasting. 17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the
only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
you know Jesus as your Lord and Savior, I’m sure you can agree
that the grace of our Lord was exceedingly abundant when you found
the love God had for you through Christ Jesus.
These verses point out that the hardest and most unlikely
person can and will be forgiven if he or she will simply put their
faith in Jesus Christ and accept Him as their Savior.
Paul said he was the chief of sinners, so he was saying he
was the worst. I
know that there was much evil in Paul’s life, but I’m sure there
were others more sinful that God has saved.
But in Paul’s eyes, he called himself the chief of sinners. If the chief can be saved, God can save you too..
Christ Jesus came into this world to save lost sinners.
The word Jesus actually means Savior.
Paul points out that his conversion shows the pattern of
longsuffering God has to them who should hereafter believe on Him.
Paul puts all the honor and glory to God forever.
And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS:
for he shall save his people from their sins.
Luke 19:10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was
V. Paul’s Charge to Timothy
18 This charge I
commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which
went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away
concerning faith have made shipwreck: 20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and
Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not
Timothy is called upon to fight a good fight, to really get
involved in the war. Many
never get in the fight because they don’t know there is a war
going on. Believe me,
Satan is looking to destroy every child of God if he can get an edge
into our life. Our
souls are secure, but our lives and testimonies are on the line
everyday. Paul tells
him to hold the faith and a good conscience, unlike Hymenaeus and
Alexander who had turned loose of the faith. Their conscience became blind and they became shipwrecked in
regards to the faith. These
men had been delivered unto Satan that they might learn to not
We all need to have a clear conscience.
Once we know Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, it is truly the
Holy Spirit that directs us and warns us of our errors.
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But the path of the just is as the shining light, that
shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Practice Random Acts of Kindness.
Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.