Timothy Chapter 5
verses for this week: Psa
37:28 For the LORD
loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved
for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
In chapter 4, Paul warned of the time of Apostasy which is
certainly upon us today.
Many are turning from the truth to believe lies and follow
doctrines of Satan rather than the true doctrines of God.
We spoke of what God considered a good pastor,
and discussed how that bodily exercise had little to offer
us, whereas spiritual growth and exercise has much to offer. This week as we begin our study on how to deal with
both older and young Christians.
I. How to Deal
with Men and Women
1 Tim 5:1 Rebuke
not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as
1 Tim 5:2 The
elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
Paul gives young Timothy some good advice.
Some misunderstand this verse to refer to just pastors
(elders), but I think this is addressing the older men of the church
along with the pastors. With
age should come respect, and Paul urges young Timothy to use wisdom
in dealing with this age group.
We should look up to our older members, particularly those
who have years of service to the Lord and have truly matured in
their Christian walk. It
takes a wise man or woman to know how to deal with people of all age
groups. With years of
service behind them, the older men and women have seen so much, and
that wealth of information can help a young pastor in making
decisions. I am not
saying the young pastor should be overseen by these older members,
but simply saying that these older ones should be given some special
care and not rebuked as Paul states in verse one. (as long as they
follow the commands laid down in God’s Word.)
Paul says to treat the older men as ‘fathers’ and the
elderly women as ‘mothers.’
Those that are younger are to be dealt with as brothers and
sisters in Christ. And whatever we do, we should do it all in purity.
God desires that all our dealings be done perfectly and
purely, the same way that God desires us to serve Him.
4:23 But the hour
cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the
Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to
4:24 God is a Spirit:
and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
Vernon McGee had this to say about verse 1.
elder”—the first relationship discussed is Timothy’s
relationship to elders. There has been some difference of opinion as
to whether Paul is referring to the office of elder or to an elder
person, someone who was older than Timothy. In the early church the
“elder” was an office, but the word used here refers to the
individual. I think Paul had both aspects in mind: he is speaking of
a mature child of God, and a man who occupied a certain office. Paul
means both for the simple fact that an elder was an elder—an older
“Rebuke not an
elder, but entreat [exhort] him as a father.” Timothy was not to
rebuke an elder publicly, but he was to entreat him privately.
Timothy was a young man, and he needed to be very tactful in his
relationship with these older men in the church. In other words, he
was not to take the position of a know-it-all or of a dictator over
these older men. He was to encourage them and have a word privately
with them if he thought it was necessary.
“And the younger men as brethren.” A sweet
relationship should exist between Timothy and the older men and also
with those of his own age. 
Church’s Responsibilities to Widows
1 Tim 5:3 Honour
widows that are widows indeed.
1 Tim 5:4 But
if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show
piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and
acceptable before God.
1 Tim 5:5 Now
she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and
continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
God seems to show a special love to those that are poor in
the scriptures. And
another group are given a special position in the church, and those
are widows. The
church is commanded to honor widows.
And the term “widows indeed” most likely refers to the
widows who are basically on their own with no family to provide for
them. If you skip down
in the chapter to verse 16, you see a direct command that the church
is to help take care of the widows.
Tim 5:16 If any man or
woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not
the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows
In the early days of the church, we saw that they
specifically called out some to help to minister unto the widows who
were members of the church there in Jerusalem.
And in those days, when the number of the disciples was
multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the
Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily
ministration. 2 Then the twelve called the multitude of the
disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave
the word of God, and serve tables. 3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye
out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and
wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. 4 But we will give
ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.
Verse 4 backs up the contention that only those that are
truly widows without support should be cared for by the church.
Those that have children or grandchildren should have support
from the immediate family. It
says the family is lacking in piety if they look to the church to
take care of the elderly of the family.
Verse 5 commands that the widow should continue in
supplications and prayers night and day.
1 Tim 5:6 But
she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
1 Tim 5:7 And
these things give in charge, that they may be blameless.
1 Tim 5:8 But
if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own
house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
1 Tim 5:9 Let
not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old,
having been the wife of one man,
Verse 9 says that a widow that is to be cared for by the
church should be at least sixty years old.
She should have only been married one time, and have a good
record about her. Verse
8 commands all men to provide for their own families first.
It says that if we don’t take care of our own house, we
have denied the faith and became worse than an infidel.
A man has the responsibility to provide for the spiritual
need of his family. This
involves several things, but it certainly means bringing them to
church where they can receive spiritual training.
The Believers Study Bible said this about verse 8:
5:8 Becoming a follower of Christ significantly increases responsibility in
the social area also. Paul directs this admonition to the care of
widows (cf. vv. 3, 4), although he states it in terms of overall
family responsibility. A Christian must labor in order to provide
for those of his family. To fail in this obligation is to deny the
faith and to be worse than one with no faith at all. To the sin of
slothfulness is added hypocrisy because the man is claiming to be a
follower of Christ .
1 Tim 5:10 Well
reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she
have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she
have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every
The widow that the church is to give special attention to is
a woman with a good report and one that has brought up children.
Verse 10 goes on to say that she will have been one who has
been active in service to the Lord. Washing the feet of the saints was a common practice in that
day, since most travel was done by foot and dust accumulated on the
feet. It says that she
would have a record of relieving the afflicted.
It says in verse 6 that if one lives in pleasure, they she is
dead while alive and the church is not obligated to take care of
1 Tim 5:11 But
the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton
against Christ, they will marry;
1 Tim 5:12 Having
damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.
1 Tim 5:13 And
withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house;
and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things
which they ought not.
1 Tim 5:14 I
will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide
the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak
1 Tim 5:15 For
some are already turned aside after Satan.
1 Tim 5:16 If
any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them,
and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are
If you just glance at verses 11-15, you would think that
there are no good young widows in the church.
That is not what Paul is saying at all.
He is warning that if the church was to take care of the
younger widows, these things might happen.
And we know that if we turn from Christ, negative things will
happen, both to men and women.
Those that turn from God and their first faith will become
idle and become busybodies. God
is not pleased with anyone who can not control the tongue.
It says speaking things which they ought not.
Some in the church had already turned aside and were serving
Satan. I want to
restate that this is not saying all young widows will not serve the
Lord, but points to the fact that if our eyes do not stay focused on
the Lord, we can certainly fall away.
Paul’s recommendation is for the younger widows to remarry
and to take on the normal responsibilities of a good wife.
When they do this, Satan has no way to speak evil of them.
Church’s Attitude Toward the
1 Tim 5:17 Let
the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour,
especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
1 Tim 5:18 For
the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out
the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
The bible tells us that a pastor that rules well is to be
counted worthy of double honour.
A true man of god labours in the word and doctrine every day.
God is teaching us that the pastor is worthy of what the
church pays him for a salary. The verse about not muzzling the ox that treadeth out
the corn (From 1 Cor. 9:7-10), is relational to the pastor. Few jobs have a more demanding requirement than a pastor.
You are virtually on call 24 hours a day, and some church
member is going to have a problem almost every day.
There are so many who are sick and we all have family members
who die. These
times put extra burdens upon the pastor.
And while most of us are off to rest on Sundays, this is the
day the Pastor has to truly put forth added work and effort.
We should certainly honor our pastor and count it a blessing
to have someone dedicated totally and wholly to the work of the
1 Tim 5:19 Against
an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three
1 Tim 5:20 Them
that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
If every church member would abide by verse 19, many problems
in the churches could be avoided.
It says we are not to accept ANY accusation about the pastor
unless it is before two or three witnesses.
This is an important command, and we should realize the
seriousness of finding fault and speaking evil of the man of God.
If a man is teaching false doctrine or living in sin, then
the two or three witnesses should then speak up.
But when a man is doing his best to serve God, we should turn
a deaf ear to gossip and negative thinking.
Rather, we should pray for the pastor and for those who might
be trying to cause problems.
Verse 20 says that we should rebuke those who sin before all
that others may also fear.
I think the greater meaning of this has to do with church
discipline, and we covered how that should be done in our study of
1 Tim 5:21 I
charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect
angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before
another, doing nothing by partiality.
1 Tim 5:22 Lay
hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins:
keep thyself pure.
Paul charges young Timothy to observe these things without
show partiality. Sometimes
this is difficult, but we should do our very best to treat everyone
equally and not to show favoritism.
Laying on of the hands probably speaks of ordaining a
minister. This would
mean to really know the man you are helping to ordain and be sure he
is qualified. He
further warns to not be a partaker of other men’s sins, but do his
best to stay pure.
2:2 For if there come
unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and
there come in also a poor man in vile raiment;
2:3 And ye have respect
to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou
here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit
here under my footstool:
2:4 Are ye not then
partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
2:5 Hearken, my beloved
brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith,
and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love
2:6 But ye have
despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before
the judgment seats?
2:7 Do not they
blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?
2:8 If ye fulfil the
royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour
as thyself, ye do well:
2:9 But if ye have
respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as
1 Tim 5:23 Drink
no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and
thine often infirmities.
1 Tim 5:24 Some
men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some
men they follow after.
1 Tim 5:25 Likewise
also the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and they that
are otherwise cannot be hid.
I personally do not think that he is recommending fermented
wine here, since we have so many commands to stay away from alcohol
and the evils it brings. But
if it were to mean that, it would certainly mean to use it for the
purpose of medicine to get over an illness.
Paul says in verse 24 that some men’s sins are found out
before the judgment, while others will be shown at the judgment.
But all sin will be ultimately revealed.
The same is true of good works.
Many of them give an immediate reward, but others will not be
rewarded until later on. But
God is not unfaithful to our labors of love.
6:7 Be not deceived;
God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also
32:23 But if ye will
not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your
sin will find you out.
Cor 15:57 But thanks be
to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
Cor 15:58 Therefore, my
beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in
the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not
in vain in the Lord.
Internet Bible Studies are prepared and
distributed free of charge. The
lessons may not be sold without consent.
If you have questions or wish to discuss the lessons, or
possibly need help in finding Jesus Christ as your Personal Lord and
Savior, contact David Parham at 940-322-4343.
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that
shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Practice Random Acts of Kindness.
Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.