Cor. Chapter 13: 1 - 14
verses for this week: 2
Pet 1:21 For the
prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of
God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
Introduction: Last week in Chapter 12,
Paul further validated his apostleship by telling of the
visions and revelations God had given to him after his salvation. He warned the church to follow in the true
doctrine, and to be sure that the teachings were not contrary to
Proof of Christ by Paul
13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two
or three witnesses shall every word be established. 2 I told you
before, and foretell you, as if I were present, the second time; and
being absent now I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and
to all other, that, if I come again, I will not spare: 3 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in
me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you.
13 documents Paul’s final appeal to the Corinthian church.
This was a church with a wide diversity in its membership.
The vast majority were living for God and had corrected the
errors Paul had pointed out, especially in his first letter to them.
But there were a few who were disobedient.
This letter is of a different tone.
To those who were following Christ, he gave them warm
affection. But those
who were disobedient, he attacked with sharpness and warnings.
Paul again speaks of his prospective visit to Corinth and
declares that he will not spare those who are guilty of sin when he
comes. Many of the disobedient had questioned his apostleship, and
they sought proof of Christ speaking through him.
Perhaps the greatest proof of Jesus Christ working through
Paul was the changed lives of the many who had accepted Christ and
were living for him in the city.
4 For though
he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of
God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the
power of God toward you.
uses a contrast here when he says that Christ was crucified through
weakness, but now lives by the power of God.
While Christ was crucified through his humble willingness to
go to the cross, He could have stopped the crucifixiation at anytime
if he had desired. He
had the power to lay down His life and He had power to take it up
again. He could have
called a legion of angels and been taken from their midst, but he
chose rather to die that you and I might have a means of salvation.
To him, we owe it all.
doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might
take it again. 18 No man taketh it
from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down,
and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received
of my Father.
Psa 91:11 For he shall
give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
19:10 Then saith Pilate
unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have
power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?
John 19:11 Jesus
answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it
were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee
hath the greater sin.
Mat 26:52 Then said
Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they
that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
Mat 26:53 Thinkest thou
that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me
more than twelve legions of angels?
26:54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it
Paul spoke of weakness, he was referring to the fleshly body.
Philippians 2:7 7 But
made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a
servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in
fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto
death, even the death of the cross.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ
also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he
might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but
quickened by the Spirit:
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch
then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also
himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might
destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
it is true that Christ was crucified on Calvary and died, what sets
Christianity apart from all other religions is that we do not
worship a dead God. Christ
came out of the tomb, and we have a heavenly mediator that lives in
What a hope the child of God has for tomorrow.
The Call for Self-Examination by Paul
Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own
selves. Know ye not
your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be
Christian has the responsibility to examine themselves.
Paul warned that if we would judge ourselves, we would not be
judged. And when
we have proper self-examination, it keeps us from being chastened by
God’s hand. We
are bought with a price, and we are to glorify God with our bodies.
We many times don’t like to examine ourselves because we
find that we are not up to the standards God would have us to be.
if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. 32 But when we
are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be
condemned with the world.
But I trust that ye shall know that we are not reprobates.
7 Now I pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we should
appear approved, but that ye should do that which is honest, though
we be as reprobates. 8 For we can do nothing against the truth, but
for the truth.
we examine ourselves, and compare ourselves to Christ, it helps us
to recognize the truth in fellow Christians.
We see if their lives align with the Word and if they are
living the way Christ
would have them to. He
says that we can not do anything against the truth, but for the
truth. This is not
saying those that are in opposition do not have an effect, but they
can not overcome the truth. Men’s
works with come to naught, but The work of God shall stand forever.
5:38 And now I say unto
you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel
or this work be of men, it will come to nought:
Acts 5:39 But if it be
of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight
Vernon McGee made a good comment on verse 8.
Here is another great truth we should mark well. My
friend, you can’t do anything against the truth. That is why I
don’t worry about folk who are disagreeing about the Word of God.
They cannot do anything against the truth. We should declare the
Word of God and not spend our time defending it. God doesn’t ask
us to defend it. He asks us to declare it, to give it out.
This is so true.
Whether someone believes God’s word is true, whether we
believe it is true, does not change the truth.
It is true.
9 For we are
glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish,
even your perfection. 10
Therefore I write these things being absent, lest being present I
should use sharpness, according to the power which the Lord hath
given me to edification, and not to destruction.
we examine ourselves, we find what our weaknesses are.
And then, by coming to God for strength, we can become strong
in his power and might. Paul
desired that everyone strive for perfection, as Christ was perfect.
When you set your sights on Christ, you have an example that
will never fail you, and no greater example will ever be found.
The power Paul was granted by God was not given for just
tearing down and destroying, but was for building up.
We spoke of how true teachers of God’s word always build up
the people. False
teachers seek for division and to tear down.
Sometimes, when sin is in a person’s life, there first has
to be a “tearing down” before there can be a building up.
But God gives us wisdom concerning those things, and we
confront only when we are led by the Lord to do so, and always in a
spirit of love and restoration.
Zec 4:5 Then the angel
that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what
these be? And I said, No, my lord.
4:6 Then he answered
and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto
Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit,
saith the LORD of hosts.
Henry had this to say about these verses.
The most desirable thing we can ask of God, for ourselves and our
friends, is to be kept from sin, that we and they may not do evil.
We have far more need to pray that we may not do evil, than that we
may not suffer evil. The apostle not only desired that they might be
kept from sin, but also that they might grow in grace, and increase
in holiness. We are earnestly to pray to God for those we caution,
that they may cease to do evil, and learn to do well; and we should
be glad for others to be strong in the grace of Christ, though it
may be the means of showing our own weakness. let us also pray that
we may be enabled to make a proper use of all our talents.
sure J. Vernon McGee is right on this, but he believes that Paul was
referring to becoming mature when he spoke of seeing perfection. Whether he is accurate or not, the last part is certainly
true about growing up and being Christlike in our daily walk.
your perfection” does not mean perfect as we usually think of
perfection, but it means maturity. He wishes them to be mature
Christians. He wants them to grow in grace and in the knowledge of
Christ Jesus. We still hear that expression today—“Why don’t
you grow up?” That is what Paul is saying to them. Grow up in
The Final Farewell by Paul
11 Finally, brethren, farewell. Be
perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the
God of love and peace shall be with you.
conclusion of the book of II Corinthians, Paul urges the church to
do several things. He
wants them to be perfect. They
must grow spiritually and let God work through them.
Only by the blood of Christ is anyone made perfect before
Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in
all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working,
which worketh in me mightily.
10:1 For the law having
a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the
things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by
year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because
that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience
But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of
sins every year.
For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats
should take away sins.
Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice
and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no
Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is
written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt
offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst
pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh
away the first, that he may establish the second.
By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of
the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering
oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for
ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his
For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are
them to be of good comfort, and to be of one mind.
We are to mind heavenly things, and to have the mind of Jesus
1 Cor 2:14
But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of
God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them,
because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Cor 2:15
But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself
is judged of no man.
1 Cor 2:16
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct
him? But we have the mind of Christ.
tells them that if they do these things, be perfect, be of good
comfort, and have one mind, they will live in peace and the God of
love and peace will be with them.
Greet one another with an holy kiss. 13 All the saints salute you.
14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the
communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
Do you think
Paul might have been from the south like us?
He ends his last sentence with “you all” which is very
common for we southerners.
It is interesting, but just a term of speech.
How many of you greeted everyone with a holy kiss when you
came into the assembly this morning?
I’m afraid that things were substantially different in
Paul’s day and their customs are not much like ours in America
today. But today, we
greet one another with a salutation and a handshake.
In Paul’s day, they did greet one another with a holy kiss.
This symbolized the true love that they had one for the other
as Christians. Paul
says that all the saints (the saved people of the churches) salute
them. He asks
that the Holy Trinity be with them.. The Lord Jesus Christ, God the
Father, and the Holy Ghost.
second epistle to the
Corinthians was written from Philippi, a
city of Macedonia, by Titus and Lucas.>]3065]
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But the path of the just is as the shining light, that
shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Random Acts of Kindness. Each
act spreads, and many will be blessed.