Memory verses for this week:
John 4:10 Herein is
love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son
to be the propitiation for our sins.
We begin a new study on Hebrews
this week. The
authorship of Hebrews is not totally clear, but it is generally
believed that Paul wrote the book. This
letter ends with “Grace be with you all” as does all the others
Paul wrote. Another
reason we believe Paul wrote this book is because of the verses in
II Peter where Peter declares that Paul had written a letter to the
same people as he had.
account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to
the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16 As also in all his
epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things
hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable
wrest, as they do
also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.
I. Jesus Christ,
the Better Spokesman
Heb 1:1 God,
who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto
the fathers by the prophets,
Heb 1:2 Hath
in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed
heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
Heb 1:3 Who
being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his
person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he
had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the
Majesty on high;
Jesus is far superior to the prophets.
God spoke to the forefathers by the prophets in may separate
revelations and in different ways. Peter tells us that holy men of old spake as they were
moved by the Holy Ghost.
Peter 1:21 For
the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men
of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
Gods word is replete with examples of God speaking through
the prophets of the Old Testament like Moses, Noah, Abraham, Joshua,
Isaiah, and many others.
And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the
earth, and daughters were born unto them, 2 That the sons of God saw
the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives
of all which they chose.
3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with
man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and
4 There were giants in the
earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came
in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the
same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. 5 And GOD
saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that
every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil
6 And it repented the LORD
that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the
face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and
the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.
8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
Peter 2:5 And
spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person,
a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of
In these last days, God has spoken unto us by His Son.
God commands that we hear him.
While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them:
and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved
Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
Obedience to God means to have the blessings of God;
disobedience means trouble and misery on every hand. God speaks unto us by His Son directly and by the
leadership of the Holy Spirit.
The Son is the one whom God has established to be Heir of all
things. The worlds were created by the Son with God the Father
and the Holy Spirit.
1:1-3 In the beginning
was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The
same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him;
and without him was not any thing made that was made.
11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by
the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of
things which do appear.
Verse 3 declares that Christ is the express image of God.
He who was crucified is the one who, at this very moment,
upholds all things by the word of His power.
When he purged our sins by Himself, he sat down on the right
hand of God. None but a
divine person could sit down there upon the throne of the universe.
1:15 Who is the
image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
II. Jesus is
Better than the Angels
Heb 1:4 Being
made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance
obtained a more excellent name than they.
Heb 1:5 For
unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this
day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and
he shall be to me a Son?
Paul uses many Old Testament scriptures to prove that Christ
is Superior than the angels. Christ
is much better than the angels because by inheritance He has a name
superior to their names. Verse
5 was taken from Psalms 2:7. This
has reference to the conception and birth of Jesus Christ.
Jesus was to be called the Son of God.
2:9 Wherefore God also
hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every
19:16 And he hath
on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND
LORD OF LORDS.
He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the
Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his
Albert Barnes in Barnes’ Notes on the Bible commented this
about Christ being better than the angels.
made so much better—Being
exalted so much above the angels. The word “better” here does
not refer to moral character, but to exaltation of rank. As
Mediator; as the Son of God in our nature, he is exalted far above
all angels of every rank; see notes on Eph. 1:21; compare 1 Pet.
3:22. “Angels, and authorities, and powers being made subject unto
him.” He is exalted to his mediatorial throne, and all things are
placed beneath his feet.
he hath by inheritance—Or
in virtue of his name—the Son of God; an exaltation such as is
implied in that name. As a son has a rank in a family above
servants; as he has a control over the property above that which
servants have, so it is with the Mediator. He is the Son
of God: angels are the servants
of God, and the servants
of the church. They occupy a place in the universe compared with
what he occupies, similar to the place which servants in a family
occupy compared with that which a son has. To illustrate and prove
this is the design of the remainder of this chapter. The argument
which the apostle insists on is, that the title “the Son of God is to be given to him alone. It has been
conferred on no others. Though the angels, and though saints are
called in general “sons of God,” yet the title” the
Son of God” has been given to him only. As the apostle was writing
to Hebrews, he makes his appeal to the Hebrew Scriptures alone for
the confirmation of this opinion.
more excellent name—To
wit, the name Son. It is a more honorable and exalted name than has
ever been bestowed on them. It involves more exalted privileges, and
entitles him on whom it is bestowed to higher respect and honor than
any name ever bestowed on them.
Heb 1:6 And
again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he
saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Heb 1:7 And
of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his
ministers a flame of fire.
Heb 1:8 But
unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a
sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Angels were to worship Jesus Christ.
They are created beings and never occupy any other place than
that of a servant. Jesus
is the Son forever… He is the first and the last.
Matthew 28:1 In the
end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day
of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the
sepulchre. 2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the
angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back
the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white
as snow: 4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as
22:31 Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel
of the LORD standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand:
and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face.
1:5 And from Jesus
Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the
dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved
us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
Rev 1:6 And hath
made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory
and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
Rev 1:7 Behold,
he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also
which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because
of him. Even so, Amen.
Rev 1:8 I am
Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which
is, and which was,
III. Earth and
Heavens are the Works of Christ’s Hands
Heb 1:9 Thou
hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even
thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy
Heb 1:10 And,
Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth;
and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
Heb 1:11 They
shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth
Heb 1:12 And
as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but
thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
Christ was with God the Father in the Beginning.
The bible says that all things were made by him… Angels,
earth, heaven, man, etc.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All
things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that
The creation shall change, but Christ remains the same
forever. The day is
coming when the unchanging Lord will come and fold the heavens and
earth up. This will be
after the thousand year reign of Christ.
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
Peter 3:10 But the day
of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the
heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall
melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are
therein shall be burned up.
20:7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed
out of his prison, 8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which
are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them
together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9
And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp
of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from
God out of heaven, and devoured them.
Heb 1:13 But to
which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until
I make thine enemies thy footstool?
Heb 1:14 Are
they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them
who shall be heirs of salvation?
Our Lord does have enemies.
Satan is against Christ and wants to be worshipped as the
Lord of this world. Satan had the power of death according to Hebrews 2:14
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and
blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through
death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the
Death is the
last enemy that shall be destroyed.
1 Corinthians 15:26
The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
Angels are ministering spirits sent forth to minister to
those who come to know Christ as their Lord and Savior.
Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament said this about verse
Are they not
all—There is not one of them that is elevated to
the high rank of the Redeemer. Even the most exalted angel is
employed in the comparatively humble office of a ministering spirit
appointed to aid the heirs of salvation. “Ministering spirits.”
A “ministering” spirit is one that is employed to execute the
will of God.
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But the path of the just is as the shining light, that
shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Practice Random Acts of Kindness.
Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.