Luke Chapter 2:25-52
for this week: Psa 118:29 O give
thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for
We continue our study of
the book of Luke as we cover the last half of Chapter 2. In last
week’s lesson, we studied about the birth of Jesus Christ, and
discussed how God used the king to bring Joseph and Mary to the town
of Bethlehem so that Jesus would be born in the exact place that
Micah had prophesied. All things about Christ were according to
the scriptures. And all things were in perfect harmony with the
prophecies, many written hundreds of years before the birth of
I. The Adoration of Jesus Christ by Simeon
2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was
Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the
consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
2:26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should
not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ.
Simeon was a
devoted man of God that was about the Lord’s work. It says in the
verses that he was from Jerusalem and was just and devout. He was
waiting for the comforting of Israel through the Messiah’s coming.
He was led by the Holy Ghost as all true Christians who are walking
near to the Lord in His will. The Holy Spirit had revealed to him
that he would not die before he saw Christ. Surely at this time
there were many Jews who recognized the time was upon them for the
prophecy of Daniel 9 to come to pass. The promised Messiah, the
King and Savior of Israel was soon to appear as was promised by the
Word of God. These waited on him. And we who are alive today and
look for Christ’s coming are awaiting his second return today.
Paul told the
Church in Thessalonica to wait on Jesus who will return from heaven
to take us out in the rapture.
1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we
had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the
living and true God;
1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the
dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
We all need to
be watching and looking for the soon return of Jesus Christ. He
promised to come back, and I know He will do what he promised.
14:1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe
also in me.
14:2 In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I
would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.
14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again,
and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.
14:4 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.
14:5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest;
and how can we know the way?
14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life:
no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
There was only a
small remnant in Israel who were waiting for Jesus the first time he
came. Most likely there will not be a large number at his second
coming, but oh how there should be.
2:27 And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the
parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom
of the law,
Simeon came by
the leadership of the “Spirit” into the temple. How each of us
needs to seek the leadership of the Holy Spirit everyday of our
lives. While he was there, Mary and Joseph brought baby Jesus in to
be circumcised. This was in accordance with the customs of the law,
and they were obedient to the law.
12:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a woman have
conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean
seven days; according to the days of the separation for her
infirmity shall she be unclean.
12:3 And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be
2:28 Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said,
2:29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according
to thy word:
2:30 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
2:31 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;
2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people
After many years
of faithful service to the Lord, the desire of Simeon’s heart comes
to pass. He picks up the child and makes a request to the Lord.
“Let thy servant depart in peace for mine eyes have seen thy
salvation.” The salvation of a soul is totally dependent upon us
coming to Jesus. Simeon considered himself a servant of the Lord,
and Jesus told the disciples before he died on the cross that those
who wanted to be great should become the servant of all.
Simeon gives a
prophecy in verses 31 and 32 as he says “Which thou hast prepared
before the face of all people; a light to lighten the Gentiles, and
the glory of thy people Israel.” The church and the Gentiles being
included was a mystery to those in the Old Testament. God had
brought all mankind together in sending Christ to earth to die for
the sins of all man. Christ would be a light not only to the Jews,
but also to all the Gentiles. Simeon points out how that the light
was to come to the Gentiles and then to the nation of Israel. This
was truly due to the Jews rejection of Christ when he came. Because
they would not listen and accept Christ as Messiah, God has blinded
their eyes and now turned to the Gentiles during this period of
time. But the nation of Israel will come back together and accept
Christ one day.
2:33 And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were
spoken of him.
2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother,
Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in
Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
2:35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that
the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
There are some
special words from Simeon to Mary. He says that “this child is set
for the fall and rising again of many in Israel.” How true this
was. He would be a sign which would be spoken against, and that a
sword shall pierce through thy own soul. Oh how it hurt Mary to
see Jesus die there on Calvary, as it did all who truly knew Him as
Lord and Savior.
Verse 34 comes
from Isaiah 8:14
8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling
and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin
and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
8:15 And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken,
and be snared, and be taken.
Christ became a
stumbling block to both houses of Israel (Judah and Israel of the
Northern Kingdom), but praise God that many were saved by Christ.
J. Vernon McGee
made some good comments on these verses.
Notice that Luke calls
them “Joseph and his mother,” not His father and mother.
Mary paid a tremendous
price to bring the Savior into the world. She paid an awful price to
stand beneath the cross of the Lord Jesus and watch Him die.
The cross of Christ has
moved many people—artists have painted the picture, songwriters have
written music about it, and authors and preachers have sketched
those moments with words. There is a danger of dwelling on His death
in a sympathetic way. Christ did not die to elicit anyone’s
sympathy. He does not want your sympathy, He wants your faith. Later
in the Gospel of Luke, when the Lord is on the way to the cross,
some women began to weep. Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters
of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your
children” (Luke 23:28). If you have tears for Jesus, save them for
yourself and your family. Do not weep for Him, because He does not
want your sympathy. Jesus Christ wants your faith.
However, when Mary
stood beneath that cross and watched Jesus die, it was with a broken
heart. Of course her suffering had nothing to do with your
salvation; her suffering had nothing to do with her
salvation. Her suffering was due to a human relationship. She was
His human mother. She had brought Him into the world and raised Him.
He was her son. You see, when our Lord looked down from the cross
and said, “… Woman, behold thy son!” (John 19:26), a human
relationship was there that no one else had. She was suffering as
His mother. And at that time the prophecy of Simeon was
fulfilled—the sword pierced through her soul also.
II. Anna Gives
Thanks to the Lord
2:36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel,
of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an
husband seven years from her virginity;
2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which
departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and
prayers night and day.
2:38 And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the
Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in
Anna was a good
women who served God with fastings and prayers night and day. It
says she was about 84 years old, and woman who departed not from the
temple. We need people like Anna who will faithfully serve the
Lord. If you want to accomplish something for God, you must be
consistent in your service. People who live mountain top
experiences and then valleys won’t accomplish much in their lives
for God. But slow, steady, faithful service will be used of the
Lord in a great way. Anna had only lived seven years with her
husband before he died. She was a woman who gave thanks unto the
Lord and told others about the Word and His redemption.
III. The Return
to Nazareth and the Silent Years
2:39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of
the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.
2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with
wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.
It was after
they had performed all the things according to the law of the Lord
that Joseph and Mary returned to their own city of Nazareth. It is
important in our service that we also do the ‘all’ things of service
required of us. It is promised that the Lord will abundantly bless
the church when they teach the new disciples to observe ‘All’ things
that He commanded.
28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have
commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of
the world. Amen.
We see three
important things about Jesus as He grew.
1. He waxed
strong in spirit
2. He was
filled with wisdom
3. The Grace
of God was upon Him.
IV. Jesus and
His Parents at the Passover
2:41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of
2:42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem
after the custom of the feast.
The parents of
Jesus were faithful to the law and customs and went to Jerusalem
each year to keep the Passover. This was a command of the law from
over in Exodus.
23:15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt
eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time
appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt:
and none shall appear before me empty:)
12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which
the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall
keep this service.
12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto
you, What mean ye by this service?
12:27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S
passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in
Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And
the people bowed the head and worshipped.
rules about who could eat and who could not eat the Passover. A
stranger, a hired servant, or a foreigner could not eat of the
Passover. Similar rules are given concerning the Lord’s Supper,
but many ignore those and let anyone who enters the congregation
partake of it today. This is not pleasing to the Lord.
12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance
of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:
12:44 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou
hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.
12:45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.
12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth
ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a
12:47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep
the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then
let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born
in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.
12:49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the
stranger that sojourneth among you.
12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded
Moses and Aaron, so did they.
(verse 42) was 12 we have record that he made the trip to observe
the Passover feast. This doesn’t mean he had not attended before,
it was just a record of this particular journey. Verse 21 shows
that he had been brought to the temple when he was 8 days old, and
we know His parents went to the Passover each year in Jerusalem.
We just don’t have a record that he went before this time.
2:43 And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the
child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother
knew not of it.
2:44 But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a
day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and
2:45 And when they found him not, they turned back again to
Jerusalem, seeking him.
2:46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in
the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them,
and asking them questions.
2:47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding
several things we can learn from these verses here in 43-47 about
Jesus Christ. The first was that the parents attended the feast and
then left without Jesus. They thought he was with some of the other
family members or acquaintances. The took it for granted he was in
their presence. We need to not assume Jesus is with us, but we
must be sure. If you can’t go back to a time in your life when you
turned your life over to Jesus to be your Lord and Savior, He is not
in your life. You can attend church and have all the saved
relatives you can count, but it is a one on one decision that you
must make. Mommy and Daddy can not do anything to save you. You
must come to Christ on your own. Joseph and Mary did not go to the
trouble to be sure Jesus was with them, and went a whole day’s
journey before finding He was not in their group. They sought him
among their kinfolks and friends but could not find him. In our
lives, is Jesus among our kinfolks and friends? If not, we should
be witnessing and letting them know about the Savior who can save
them from their sins. They went back to Jerusalem to seek him and
after 3 days they found him. They found him in the temple studying
with those who knew about the Word of God. It astonished these
‘doctors’ of the law of what all he knew and his questions that he
asked. When he was asked a question, they were amazed at his grasp
and understanding of God’s Word. This was no normal 12 year old.
This was the only begotten Son of God.
2:48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said
unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father
and I have sought thee sorrowing.
2:49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye
not that I must be about my Father's business?
2:50 And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them.
probably right in being upset with Christ. Perhaps they had been
slack in being sure he was with the group before they departed, but
I’m sure they expected him to follow along. She questions Jesus
and says “Why hast thou thus dealt with us? Behold, thy father and
I have sought thee sorrowing.” They were being good parents and
were concerned about their son’s welfare. What they failed to
understand was that Jesus was more concerned about doing the very
Will of the Heavenly Father, His true Father. In verse 49, he says
“How is it ye sought me? Wist ye not that I must be about my
Father’s business?” They heard the words, but did not comprehend
what he was truly saying.
2:51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was
subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her
2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with
God and man.
We have record
here that all children should note. He went back with Joseph and
Mary and was subject unto them. He obeyed his Father and Mother as
the law commanded. And as the days went by, Jesus increased in
wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Our days
should be like this. We should be growing in God’s Word each day,
and growing more like Jesus. When we do that, we will surely
increase in favor with God.
said this about verse 52.
That he improved, and
came on, to admiration (v. 52): He increased in wisdom and
stature. In the perfections of his divine nature there could be
no increase; but this is meant of his human nature, his body
increased in stature and bulk, he grew in the growing age;
and his soul increased in wisdom, and in all the endowments
of a human soul. Though the Eternal Word was united to the human
soul from his conception, yet the divinity that dwelt in him
manifested itself to his humanity by degrees, ad modum
recipientis—in proportion to his capacity; as the faculties of
his human soul grew more and more capable, the gifts it received
from the divine nature were more and more communicated. And he
increased in favour with God and man, that is, in all those
graces that rendered him acceptable to God and man. Herein Christ
accommodated himself to his estate of humiliation, that, as he
condescended to be an infant, a child, a youth, so the image of God
shone brighter in him, when he grew up to be a youth, than it did,
or could, while he was an infant and a child. Note,
Young people, as they grow in stature, should grow in wisdom, and
then, as they grow in wisdom, they will grow in favour with God
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: email@example.com
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.