Luke Chapter 4:1-44
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for this week: 1 Cor 16:2 Upon the
first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as
God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
our study of the book of Luke as we cover chapter 4 this week. In
our study last week, we saw John the Baptist begin his ministry as
he came (according to prophesy in Isaiah) in the wilderness warning
people to flee from the wrath to come by repenting of their sins and
turning in faith to Jesus Christ. We saw how Jesus came to John to
be baptized setting us an example and saying it was done to fulfill
all righteousness. Chapter 3 closed with the genealogy of Christ
through the bloodline of Mary going all the way back to Adam in the
beginning of time.
I. The Temptation of Christ
4:1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan,
and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,
4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did
eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.
Jesus was always
about doing the Father’s Work. At our earliest record of him as a
young man, he was in the temple both learning and teaching with the
doctors of the law. It says that the Holy Ghost led Jesus out into
the wilderness. If Jesus needed this leadership, how much more, do
we as men and women need the leadership of the Spirit in our
lives. There is a great contrast here between Adam and Jesus who
was the second Adam. Adam was placed in a garden of delight with
every creature subject to his will. He was provided with everything
he needed to sustain and strengthen him. But Jesus, the last Adam,
stood every test, fasted in the wilderness among wild beasts.
Jesus was God’s blessed, Eternal Son who came and took on a body of
flesh that me might redeem us that were under the curse of the law
and sin. If I go half a day without food, I think I am going to
die. Jesus went 40 days in the wilderness with no food and was
tempted by Satan.
Some in today’s
society say that man corrupts himself by the evil in our hearts, by
our own wicked devices, and by our evil thoughts. This means that
wickedness, iniquity, filth, and dreadful corruption have happened
down through history come from men’s own wicked hearts, with out
tempting necessarily to incite those excesses. It implies that
man’s heart, in itself, is so utterly evil that it needs no outside
incentive to produce the vileness which has polluted the pages of
human history. If you believe this line of thinking, you would
then think that Jesus had an evil heart and was led into the
wilderness to be tempted of himself by evil thoughts or wickedness
in his heart. The same people who teach this false doctrine are
those who tell us that all men are children of God by natural birth,
and deny the necessity of redemption and regeneration. They teach
that there is good in all of us, and if we emphasize that good, we
can become very good people. The truth is we are all weak, and
have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. And Satan is
there to tempt us just like he was with Christ.
4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with
the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like
as we are, yet without sin.
There are three
basic points by which we may be tempted. Temptation appeals either
to the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, or the pride of
life. In the Garden of Eden, we see this is what Eve faced.
3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and
that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also
unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
Notice the 3
things she was tempted with:
1. “Good for
good” – Lust of the flesh.
2. “Pleasant to
the eye” – Lust of the eye.
3. “A tree
desired to make one wise.” – Pride of life.
All of these are
not of the Father, but of the world. The things of God endure, but
the things of the world pass away.
John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and
the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father,
but is of the world.
tempted to prove that he was the sinless one. In Matthew, we are
told to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven.
6:19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and
rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:
6:20 But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither
moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through
6:21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
4:3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command
this stone that it be made bread.
4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall
not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.
temptation Jesus faced was the lust of the flesh. Satan came to
Jesus when he was at his weakest. Can you imagine the pain of
hunger he must have faced after 40 days with no food. To have
yielded would have met he accepted Satan’s suggestion and this would
have taken him out of God’s hand. We find not even the smallest
inclination to do so. Jesus immediately responds:
“It is written,
That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.”
tempts you, do you know the bible well enough to parlay his attacks
with the Word. Too many times we let down our guard and don’t study
the Word that we might resist the fiery darts of Satan. They are
coming… and we had better be prepared. There is something more
important than bread to sustain the body, and that is the Word of
God which sustains the spirit. Jesus had no word from the Heavenly
Father commanding Him to change the stones into bread. To take
that power upon himself would have been in obedience to Satan.
Our desire should be like Jesus when he set the example of always
doing the will of God.
4:31 In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master,
4:32 But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.
4:33 Therefore said the disciples one to another, Hath any man
brought him ought to eat?
4:34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that
sent me, and to finish his work.
4:5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, showed unto
him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.
4:6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee,
and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to
whomsoever I will I give it.
4:7 If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.
4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me,
Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and
him only shalt thou serve.
temptation was an attempt to appeal to the lust of the eye.
Satan showed him
all the kingdoms of the world and offered them if he would come and
fall down and worship him. This was no doubt a great temptation
since the Jews were looking for a man to come and conquer the Romans
and reign over the world. Jesus again does not yield but states the
first of the commandments. “Thou shalt worship the Lord they God,
and him only shalt thou serve.”
the King James Study Bible, Jerry Falwell said this about the three
temptations Jesus faced.
The temptation of
Christ was both a testing and a tempting. From the divine point of
view, the Holy Spirit arranged a testing to show that Jesus
qualified as free from sin. If He were not free from personal sin,
He could not bear our sins. For Satan, it was a temptation to see if
he could make Christ fall as had the first Adam. The temptation was
real, yet it was impossible for God the Son to sin.
4:9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of
the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast
thyself down from hence:
4:10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee,
to keep thee:
4:11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time
thou dash thy foot against a stone.
4:12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not
tempt the Lord thy God.
4:13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed
from him for a season.
The third test
was an appeal to the pride of the natural heart. This was
something that Jesus was not guilty of and was always about the
fathers work in a humble manner. “I am meek and lowly in heart.”
Satan really gets desperate when he starts quoting scripture to the
Son of God. This is a portion of the 91st Psalm where
God gave assurance that if our blessed Lord was to fall that God
would hold him up by angel hands and not suffer him to die.
91:9 Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge, even the
most High, thy habitation;
91:10 There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague
come nigh thy dwelling.
91:11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee
in all thy ways.
91:12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy
foot against a stone.
91:13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and
the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
91:14 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I
deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name.
91:15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with
him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him.
suggesting that his was an opportunity to prove to the people that
you are really the Son of God. By leaping off the pinnacle of the
temple, the people would see Jesus lifted up by angelic hands and
they would know that He was who He claimed to be. Jesus saw this
misquotation and saw it as a temptation to spiritual pride. Satan
had left out verse 11 where the scriptures say “To keep thee in all
thy ways.” Jesus responds “It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the
Lord thy God. So then Satan left Christ for a season. If we
resist Satan, he will also go away from us. But be sure he will
come back as long as you are on this earth in this fleshly body.
Returns to Galilee
4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee:
and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.
4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.
overcoming Satan and the temptations, it says Jesus returned in the
power of the Spirit into Galilee. As he moved about doing more
miracles, it says his fame spread out through all the region round
about. And as he had opportunity, Jesus went into the synagogues
Matthew Henry points out that preaching in Galilee was part of
Christ’s humiliation although he came in power of the Spirit.
What is here said in
general of his preaching, and the entertainment it met with in
Galilee, a remote part of the country, distant from Jerusalem;
it was a part of Christ’s humiliation that he began his ministry
But, 1. Thither he came
in the power of the Spirit. The same Spirit that qualified
him for the exercise of his prophetical office strongly inclined him
to it. He was not to wait for a call from men, for he had light and
life in himself. 2. There he taught in their synagogues,
their places of public worship, where they met, not, as in the
temple, for ceremonial services, but for the moral acts of devotion,
to read, expound, and apply, the word, to pray and praise, and for
church-discipline; these came to be more frequent since the
captivity, when the ceremonial worship was near expiring. 3. This he
did so as that he gained a great reputation. A fame of him went
through all that region (v. 14), and it was a good fame; for (v.
15) he was glorified of all. Every body admired him, and
cried him up; they never heard such preaching in all their lives.
Now, at first, he met with no contempt or contradiction; all
glorified him, and there were none as yet that vilified him.
III. Jesus in
the Synagogue of Nazareth
4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as
his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and
stood up for to read.
After a brief
stay in Jerusalem, the bible says Jesus returned to his hometown of
Nazareth. The people had heard a great deal about him, and they
were eager to hear him teach. Jesus was faithful to attend the
services there, and God wants us to be faithful in attending our
10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the
manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more,
as ye see the day approaching.
4:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet
when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was
4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me
to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the
brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering
of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
As soon as Jesus
entered the synagogue, it says that they delivered unto him the Book
of the prophet Esaias. We have record of what he read. Notice in
Isaiah how that he stopped reading right in the middle of a
61:1 The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath
anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to
bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and
the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of
vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister,
and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue
were fastened on him.
4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture
fulfilled in your ears.
4:22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words
which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this
He closed the
Book and all the people in the synagogue looked upon Him and
wondered at the gracious words that proceeded from his lips. They
asked, “Is not this Joseph’s son?” The answer was truly ‘No.’ He
was God’s Son and not Joseph’s. He was being raised by Joseph so
he would be his step father. The reason Jesus stopped in the middle
of that sentence is that the ‘day of vengeance of our God’ is still
yet in the future. But just as those other words were fulfilled, be
sure those last ones will be also.
4:23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this
proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in
Capernaum, do also here in thy country.
4:24 And he said, Verily, I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in
his own country.
4:25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the
days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six
months, when great famine was throughout all the land;
4:26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a
city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.
Jesus knew what
the people would think, and answered with “A prophet is not accepted
in his own country.” He goes on to speak of the widows in Israel in
the days of Elias and how God sent that man to just one of those
women. With God’s help, Elias was taken care of several months as
the meal did not waste but kept on supplying both he and the widow
and her son. (I Kings 17:12-16)
4:27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the
prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.
4:28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things,
were filled with wrath,
4:29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto
the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might
cast him down headlong.
4:30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,
about Naaman being the only leper that was healed in the days of
Eliseus the prophet. Naaman was a Gentile and when they heard this,
the Jews rose up and were filled with wrath and led him out of the
city where they might cast him headlong down a hill. But they
didn’t do it, because it said that he passed through their midst and
went his way. The reason was because it was not yet His time.
IV. Jesus Casts
out Demons in Capernaum
4:31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them
on the sabbath days.
4:32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was
this city because they would not repent. He teaches again on the
Sabbath days, and the people were astonished at His doctrine. This
was God himself in the flesh, and no man could teach like Jesus.
7:44 And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands
7:45 Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and
they said unto them, Why have ye not brought him?
7:46 The officers answered, Never man spake like this man.
4:33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an
unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,
4:34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus
of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art;
the Holy One of God.
4:35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of
him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of
him, and hurt him not.
several important things about this spirit of an unclean devil.
1. He did not
want to be bothered by Jesus.
2. He knew
where Jesus was from (Nazareth)
3. He implies
that he knows Jesus could destroy him.
4. He knew
something many never come to realize. Jesus… the Holy One of God.
5. He was
obedient to Christ.
4:36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying,
What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the
unclean spirits, and they come out.
4:37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country
It says that
when Jesus commanded this devil out, the people were amazed. They
knew this was no ordinary man, not even a typical prophet. This man
had power from God.
V. Jesus Heals
the Mother of Peter’s Wife
4:38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's
house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and
they besought him for her.
4:39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her:
and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.
healing powers that no one had ever possessed before. He comes to
Peter’s house and heals his mother in law. Oh that we could do
things like this… rebuke the fever and make it leave a person. But
we don’t have the power to do this in our day. We know right after
Christ left this world, He did give the apostles some special
powers. But those days did not last after the apostolic times.
4:40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with
divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on
every one of them, and healed them.
4:41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou
art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to
speak: for they knew that he was Christ.
4:42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place:
and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that
he should not depart from them.
4:43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to
other cities also: for therefore am I sent.
4:44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.
We see many
others were brought to Jesus, and one by one he laid hands on them
and healed them. The devils knew who he was, and cried out “Thou
art Christ the Son of God.” All these were healed immediately.
And the people wanted him to stay, but he told them that he must go
on and preach the kingdom of God to other cities also… this was his
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll
Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer
file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville:
Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.