Luke Chapter 5:1-39
Distributed by: Internet Bible Studies
Contact: David Parham 940-322-4343
for this week: 2 Tim 1:13 Hold fast the
form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love
which is in Christ Jesus.
We continue our study of
the book of Luke as we cover chapter 5 this week. In our study
last week, Jesus was tempted by Satan after being in the wilderness
40 days fasting. Satan tried many ways to tempt Christ, even using
the Word of God against Him, but nothing succeeded. Jesus was the
Sinless One, and he never failed one time in His life. Jesus went
to Capernaum where he cast out the demons from a man, and closed the
chapter with Jesus healing the mother of Peter’s wife.
5:1 And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to
hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret,
5:2 And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were
gone out of them, and were washing their nets.
The lake of
Gennesaret if the same place known as the sea of Galilee, which was
also called the sea of Tiberias. The propel at this time pressed
the Lord that they might hear the Word of God. Jesus is standing
by the sea of Galilee, and sees these two ships with no one on
board. Jesus knew the owners of these boats, and felt perfectly at
ease to ask for the use of one of them. Whatever you and I have,
we should always have it available to be used of the Lord. Jesus
enters the ship belonging to Simon Peter.
5:3 And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon's, and
prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he
sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.
5:4 Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out
into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.
5:5 And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all
the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will
let down the net.
Jesus asks Peter
to thrust out the ship a ways from the land. We know this was not
the first time the Lord had contacted Peter, because in John chapter
1, when Peter was a disciple of John the Baptist, he had followed
1:35 Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples;
1:36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb
1:37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed
1:38 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto
them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say,
being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou?
1:39 He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he
dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour.
1:40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was
Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.
Simon to thrust out a bit and to lower his nets. Peter tries to
explain that they had been out fishing all night, and had caught
nothing. Without the Lord, we in our humble lives can accomplish
very little. But Simon, having faith, does as the Lord commands.
(although it says he let down ‘the net’ where the Lord said to let
down ‘your nets’.) Sometimes, we may not do all that the Lord
commands us to do, and when we do, we don’t accomplish what God
would have us to. Unbelief can cause us to doubt the Lord.
Luke 5:6 And when they had this done, they enclosed a great
multitude of fishes: and their net brake.
5:7 And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other
ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled
both the ships, so that they began to sink.
We see the
results when he let down the net. So many fish were in it that it
brake the net. So the others come over and help them and they
filled up both ships to the point that they were about to sink.
5:8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying,
Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.
5:9 For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the
draught of the fishes which they had taken:
5:10 And so was also James, and John, the sons of Zebedee, which
were partners with Simon. And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from
henceforth thou shalt catch men.
5:11 And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook
all, and followed him.
We see the
effect that this had on the men. Peter falls down and says he
sinful and unworthy of the Lord. (Are not we all?) When one sees
things clearly, and sees his or her sinful condition, it will bring
us to the point of realizing how unworthy we truly are. Jesus
tells James, John, and Peter that from this day on, they would
become fishers of men. They left their nets and their ships and
followed after Christ. Are you and I willing to drop everything we
own and go if the Lord calls? We sure should be.
II. Jesus Heals
5:12 And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a
man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought
him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
5:13 And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be
thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.
Leprosy in the
bible always typifies sin. There was no know cure, and when Christ
removed it from the leper, he always ‘cleansed’ the person. There
were very strict rules about leprosy in the Old Testament. A leper
had to present himself before a priest to be examined. If found to
be leprous, he was obligated to remain outside the camp, far from
the dwelling of healthy people. He had to put a cover on his upper
lip and cry out “unclean, unclean” to warn others of his
condition. We see Jesus telling the leper to go and show himself
to the priest in verse 14.
5:14 And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and show thyself to
the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses
commanded, for a testimony unto them.
5:15 But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and
great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of
5:16 And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.
The leper knew
that Jesus had the power to heal him. When he sought him, Jesus
responded to the cry of the leper. When a sinner cries out to the
Lord, Jesus always responds to the sinner. As in salvation, we
find total healing of the leper right then. Jesus tells him to go
the priest and offer for his cleansing according to the
scriptures. The more things Jesus did in his healing, the more
his fame spread abroad. In verse 16, it says that Jesus withdrew
to the wilderness to pray. We all need to get alone and talk with
5:17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that
there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were
come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and
the power of the Lord was present to heal them.
On this day, the
audience that comes out included the Pharisees and doctors of the
law from every town in Galilee, Judaea, and Jerusalem. It also
says the power of the Lord was present to heal them. They knew
that Jesus had healed others, and they bring a man with the palsy to
5:18 And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a
palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before
5:19 And when they could not find by what way they might bring him
in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let
him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before
5:20 And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins
are forgiven thee.
The man was so
sick that he could not bring himself, and his friends come and show
great faith. They can’t get him into the house, so they climb up on
top of the house and remove part of tiles to lower him down through
the ceiling. Some might have been discouraged and given up, but
not these four men. They had faith that if they could get the man
to Jesus, He would heal him. When it comes to our lost friends and
relatives, we should have this same kind of determination and
zeal. If we can but get the lost person to Christ and get them to
really see themselves as a sinner needing a savior, they are very
close to salvation. It simply takes having them to repent and seek
Christ, and we know He will not turn anyone away who the Holy Spirit
draws unto Him.
5:21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who
is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God
5:22 But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said
unto them, What reason ye in your hearts?
5:23 Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to
say, Rise up and walk?
No matter what
the others thought, Jesus was delighted that they had brought the
man suffering with the palsy to Him, and he forgives this man of his
sins and saves him. He then also heals the man to quiet the
Pharisees who claimed He did not have the power to forgive sins.
Here was God in their presence, and they would not acknowledge Jesus
for Who He was. Jesus knew their thoughts and asked them “Whether
is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and
5:24 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth
to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto
thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thine house.
5:25 And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that
whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God.
5:26 And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were
filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.
this great miracle to allow them to see that He had power on earth
to both forgive sins and to heal the sick. He heals the man, and
tells him to rise up and take his bed, and go to his own house.
He jumps up, praises God for this miracle of healing, and glorifies
the Lord. The people round about also see the miracle, and they
too glorified God. They were amazed, but also fearful because they
had seen strange things this day the scripture says.
IV. The Call of
5:27 And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican,
named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him,
5:28 And he left all, rose up, and followed him.
5:29 And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there
was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with
Jesus comes by
this publican who is a tax collector, and bids him to follow. It
says he left all, rose up, and followed him. And he makes Jesus a
great feast in his house and invites a large number to come. This
was Levi’s way of trying to reach some of his friends to be saved.
V. Jesus Answers
the Scribes and Pharisees
5:30 But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his
disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and
5:31 And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need
not a physician; but they that are sick.
5:32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
In these verses,
we see the religious folks mumbling. It is so sad when those who
should be closest to the Lord are not concerned with the welfare of
others. Here they try to find fault with Jesus and say he ‘eats and
drinks with publicans and sinners.’ I don’t know about you, but I
sure am glad he cares about sinners. Jesus tells them how it is…
‘They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are
sick.’ Jesus came to call sinners to repentance. What they did
not realize is they were sinners too, and needed Jesus as much as
any other man or woman.
Vernon McGee has this to say about Christ being the Great
The scribes and Pharisees asked the disciples why they ate with
publicans and sinners. The Lord’s answer was simple and wonderful.
He was the Great Physician, and He did not go around healing people
that were well! He came to minister to those who were sick with sin.
The gospel is really for those who recognize their need. There are
some people who think they are too good to be saved. They are not
aware of their need. If you recognize that you have a need, then the
gospel is for you. Christ can and will save you. If you are
self-sufficient, recognize no personal need, and go in your
self-chosen pathway, it will lead you to destruction. I am sorry.
The Great Physician can do nothing for those who think they are not
5:33 And they said unto him, Why do the disciples of John fast
often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the
Pharisees; but thine eat and drink?
5:34 And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the
bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
5:35 But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken
away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.
were forever looking to find fault with Jesus. They ask why do
Jesus’ disciples not fast when John’s disciples fasted often.
Jesus tell them that they did not need to do so now because He was
with them. But the day would come when Jesus would be taken away,
and in that day, they would fast.
VI. Parable of
the garment and Bottles
5:36 And he spake also a parable unto them; No man putteth a piece
of a new garment upon an old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh
a rent, and the piece that was taken out of the new agreeth not with
Jesus used this
parable to teach that you can not mix law with grace. They are
unique and distinct. If the law had been perfect and could bring
man to perfection, Jesus would not have come to save us from our
5:37 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new
wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall
5:38 But new wine must be put into new bottles; and both are
5:39 No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new:
for he saith, The old is better.
The came down
from God and says to “This do” and “Thou shalt not do.” Grace
declares the salvation of God which is totally apart from human
merit. We do not earn salvation nor work to get it… it is all of
grace and all a gift of God. The living truth of the Gospel can not
be simply added to or appended to the ordinances of the law. The
Gospel is FAR superior to the law. When Christ died on Calvary, he
took the handwriting of ordinances against us out of the way and
nailed it to His cross.
2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against
us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it
to his cross;
2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show
of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in
respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
part of the law was forever done away with when Christ died there on
Calvary. The ten commandments are still binding today as they were
in the days of Moses. These are rules on how we should live, and
not part of the ceremonial law. The only difference today is we
honor the Lord on the first day of the week rather than on the
Internet Bible Studies are prepared and distributed free of charge.
The lessons may not be sold without consent. If you have questions
or wish to discuss the lessons, or possibly need help in finding
Jesus Christ as your Personal Lord and Savior, contact David Parham
4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: email@example.com
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.