Luke Chapter 7:1-50
verses for this week: James 5:20 Let
him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his
way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of
We continue our study of
the book of Luke this week as we cover chapter 7. In chapter six,
we learned several important things. The first was that Jesus is
the Lord of the Sabbath. When he healed the man with the withered
hand in the synagogue and the scribes and Pharisees found fault,
Jesus taught them that it was right to do good on the Sabbath.
After this, Jesus chose the 12 apostles from among the large number
of disciples. We closed with the teaching of the beatitudes, some
of the greatest moral teachings found in the Word of God.
Centurion’s Servant is Healed
7:1 Now when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the
people, he entered into Capernaum.
7:2 And a certain centurion's servant, who was dear unto him, was
sick, and ready to die.
7:3 And when he heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the
Jews, beseeching him that he would come and heal his servant.
The setting of
this miracle was the town of Capernaum. We know from our study in
Matthew that this city had witnessed many mighty works done in it.
Jesus upbraided them because they did not repent after seeing all
these mighty works.
11:23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be
brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done
in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this
11:24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the
land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
11:20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his
mighty works were done, because they repented not:
The servant that
is mentioned was very dear to the Centurion and the scriptures say
he was near to the point of death. The centurion asks the elders
of Israel to ask the Lord to respond to the situation.
7:4 And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly,
saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this:
7:5 For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue.
was a worthy man according to the elders of the Jews. They come to
the Lord quickly and besought him for the man. It says that the
man loved the nation and had built a synagogue for them.
7:6 Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the
house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord,
trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter
under my roof:
7:7 Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee:
but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.
was a good man, and he had built the Jews a synagogue. Jesus
comes to the man and when he comes near, he tells Christ to not
trouble himself for he was not worthy that he should enter into his
house. He demonstrates his great faith in Jesus when he says
“Neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a
word, and my servant shall be healed.” This is the kind of faith
that we should all have in Jesus.
7:8 For I also am a man set under authority, having under me
soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another,
Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.
7:9 When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned
him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto
you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.
7:10 And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the
servant whole that had been sick.
was a man that had authority over soldiers. When he told them to
come and go, they did as he commanded. Jesus was amazed at the
man, and says to the people who were following “I say unto you, I
have not found so great faith, no not in Israel.” And because of
the man’s faith, when he returned to his house, the servant was
healed. If we want to please God, we must have faith.
11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that
cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of
them that diligently seek him.
II. The Widow’s
7:11 And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city
called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much
7:12 Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there
was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was
a widow: and much people of the city was with her.
7:13 And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said
unto her, Weep not.
Capernaum, the following day they come into a city called Nain, both
Jesus, his disciples, and a large number of other followers. As
they came into the gate of the city, they see a dead man being
carried out, the only son of his mother who was a widow. Jesus was
easily touched by the feelings of others, and it says ‘he had
compassion on her.’ Christians should be known for our love that
should model Jesus’ love. And Jesus is one who we can always
approach in our time of need.
4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed
into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our
4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with
the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like
as we are, yet without sin.
4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we
may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
7:14 And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood
still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.
7:15 And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he
delivered him to his mother.
I love the way
that whatever Jesus ever did, he did it perfectly and completely.
He comes to the young man, and says for him to Arise. And at the
word, the dead man comes back to life and was delivered unto his
mother. What manner of man is this that death has no power over
him? One that can speak the word and bring back the dead as he did
in several instances. This was Jesus Christ, the Eternal One, the
only Begotten Son of God. As we mentioned last week, there is no
other name in the universe that has the power of the name of Jesus.
said this about Jesus raising the young man from the dead.
See how triumphant
his commands are over even death itself (v. 14): He came,
and touched the bier, or coffin, in or upon which the dead body
lay; for to him it would be no pollution. Hereby he intimated to the
bearers that they should not proceed; he had something to say to the
dead young man. Deliver him from going down to the pit; I have
found a ransom, Job 33:24. Hereupon they that bore him stood
still, and probably let down the bier from their shoulders to
the ground, and opened the coffin, it if was closed up; and then
with solemnity, as one that had authority, and to whom belonged the
issues from death, he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise.
The young man was dead, and could not arise by any power of
his own (no more can those that are spiritually dead in trespasses
and sins); yet it was no absurdity at all for Christ to bid him
arise, when a power went along with that word to put life
into him. The gospel call to all people, to young people
particularly, is, "Arise, arise from the dead, and Christ
shall give you light and life.’’ Christ’s dominion over death was
evidenced by the immediate effect of his word (v. 15): He that
was dead sat up. Have we grace from Christ? Let us show it.
Another evidence of life was that he began to speak; for
whenever Christ gives us spiritual life he opens the lips in
prayer and praise. And, lastly, he would not oblige this
young man, to whom he had given a new life, to go along with him as
his disciple, to minister to him (though he owed him even his own
self), much less as a trophy or show to get honour by him, but
delivered him to his mother, to attend her as became a dutiful
son; for Christ’s miracles were miracles of mercy, and a great act
of mercy this was to this widow; now she was comforted,
according to the time in which she had been afflicted and much more,
for she could now look upon this son as a particular favourite of
Heaven, with more pleasure than if he had not died.
7:16 And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying,
That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath
visited his people.
7:17 And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and
throughout all the region round about.
7:18 And the disciples of John showed him of all these things.
The results of
the young man being raised from the dead spread through the nation
of Judaea and beyond. Those that had followed in the funeral
procession had great fear come upon them, and they glorified God and
said a “great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath
visited his people.” This was a true saying. No greater had ever
risen than Jesus Christ, and it was God himself visiting His people
at this time.
III. John the
Baptist Sends Disciples to Question Jesus
7:19 And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to
Jesus, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?
7:20 When the men were come unto him, they said, John Baptist hath
sent us unto thee, saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we
John sent two of
his disciples to Jesus and asks him is he was the one that should
come, or should they look for another? When people say we should
never have doubts about God, I always go back to this verse. Here
the very one who was sent to prepare a people for the Messiah is
questioning if Jesus was the true One. We all have our doubts, but
God comforts us when we are fearful and seek Him in honesty and
7:21 And in that same hour he cured many of their infirmities and
plagues, and of evil spirits; and unto many that were blind he gave
7:22 Then Jesus answering said unto them, Go your way, and tell
John what things ye have seen and heard; how that the blind see, the
lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are
raised, to the poor the gospel is preached.
7:23 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.
Jesus gave them
a great answer. He not only tells them what he has done, but he
cures many of their infirmities and plagues, and evil spirits. He
also gave sight to the blind. He tells them to go and tell John
what they had seen and heard, how that the blind see, the lame walk,
the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the
poor have the gospel preached unto them. What more could the
Messiah do? In verse 23, he is explaining that those would be
blessed that believed in him, although he had not asserted himself
as King of Israel like they expected.
Testimony to John the Baptist
7:24 And when the messengers of John were departed, he began to
speak unto the people concerning John, What went ye out into the
wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
7:25 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft
raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live
delicately, are in kings' courts.
7:26 But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto
you, and much more than a prophet.
Jesus began to
speak of John the Baptist, and he asks them what did they go out to
see in John? He offers a response when he says “What went ye out
into the wilderness for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?” “A
man clothed in soft raiment?” John was not one from a king’s
court who was gorgeously appareled. He did not have the privileges
of living in a king’s court. Jesus said he was more than a
7:27 This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger
before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
7:28 For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there
is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist: but he that is least
in the kingdom of God is greater than he.
7:29 And all the people that heard him, and the publicans,
justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
Jesus tells us
that there is not a greater born of women than John the Baptist.
Jesus goes on to say that while he was the greatest born of women on
earth, than anyone born into the kingdom of God is greater. The
second birth by the spirit makes us great in the eyes of the Lord.
When we are born of the spirit, we are an heir of God and joint-heir
with Jesus Christ. When people heard what Jesus said and saw their
condition before God, they repented of their sins and were
baptized. They realized they were sinners worthy of death and
separation from God. But by accepting Christ as Savior, they could
have eternal life. The baptism was what they did in an act of
obedience, it had nothing to do with their salvation.
Exposes the Reason for Unbelief
7:30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God
against themselves, being not baptized of him.
7:31 And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of
this generation? and to what are they like?
7:32 They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and
calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye
have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.
and lawyers rejected God’s counsel for them and refused to be
baptized. Jesus said he likened the men of this generation to
children sitting in the marketplace. The children call one to
another and say “We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we
have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.” He was in effect saying
that they played merry songs and they refused to dance and be merry,
and when they played sad songs they would not weep.
7:33 For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking
wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.
7:34 The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold
a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and
7:35 But wisdom is justified of all her children.
This is a
perfect correlation… Jesus says that John the Baptist came and eat
neither bread nor wine, and they said he had a devil. But when
Jesus come on the scene and ate and drank with the people, they said
he was a gluttonous man and winebibber…. A friend of publicans and
sinners. Thank God he is and was a friend of sinners. If not, we
would have no hope of life after death. Verse 35 is saying wisdom
is vindicated (shown to be true) by all her children.
VI. Jesus and
the Sinful Woman
7:36 And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with
him. And he went into the Pharisee's house, and sat down to meat.
7:37 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she
knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee's house, brought an
alabaster box of ointment,
7:38 And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash
his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head,
and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.
Jesus went home
with a Pharisee to eat. Jesus was not like other people who would
only associate with certain ones… he would come to all who desired
to have him in their presence. Now the Pharisees were one of the
strictest of sects, and they were very self-righteous people.
They saw themselves in an excellent light, but could never see their
own sins. Now others, they could see sin in, but not themselves.
God help us to not be that way. If you think you are above sin,
remember that one verse.
John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and
the truth is not in us.
John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive
us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
John 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar,
and his word is not in us.
Only by God’s
grace are we anything, and it is because of Jesus Christ and what He
did for us on the cross of Calvary.
While Jesus is
sitting at meat, a sinful woman comes in and washes Christ’s feet
with the tears that fell from her eyes and wiped them with the hair
of her head. This woman was despised because of her wicked life by
7:39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake
within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have
known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for
she is a sinner.
concludes that Jesus is not a prophet, or he would have known how
wicked this woman was that touched him. We might ask, “How did he
know she was so wicked?” Perhaps he was not as righteous as he was
perceived. Perhaps he knew this from others… but someway he seemed
to know her character and the life she lived. Jesus did know all
these things, even the thoughts that were crossing the Pharisee’s
7:40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to
say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.
I believe this
woman knew she was not worthy to be in Christ’s presence, and that
is why she was washing his feet with her tears. But she probably
knew that Jesus might do a great thing for her. If she wanted a
load of sin removed, she came to the right one. She was trusting
Jesus to remove her sins. Jesus turns to Simon and says that he
has something to say unto him.
J. Vernon McGee
said this about the woman at the Pharisee’s house.
While Christ was in the
home of the Pharisee, a woman came. She brought an alabaster box of
ointment and entered the house of the Pharisee. When you had guests
in that day, your neighbors had a perfect right to come in and stand
along the wall or sit on their haunches and watch. They did not come
to comment, only to watch. This woman came in and took her place
behind the Lord Jesus. In those days they didn’t sit on chairs at
the table; they reclined on couches. So Jesus was reclining on a
couch, with His feet sticking out in back, leaning on His arm, as He
talked across the table to His host. As she stood by the feet of the
Lord Jesus, weeping, because her sins had been forgiven, she began
to wet His feet with tears and wipe His feet with the hairs of her
head. Then she kissed His feet and anointed them with the costly
Now this old Pharisee
would not have spoken to this type of woman on the street. He might
have done business with her after dark when no one could see, but he
would not have anything to do with a woman of her reputation during
daylight hours. When he saw her wiping and kissing the Lord’s feet,
he thought, He must not be a prophet or he would know the kind of
woman she is and have nothing to do with her.
VII. Parable of
the Creditor and Two Debtors
7:41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one
owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.
7:42 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them
both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?
There is no
doubt in my mind that this parable was meant for this Pharisee. His
example was one debtor owed 500 pence while the other owed 50.
Neither one had anything to pay, so he forgave them both. If both
are forgiven, who would love him most?
7:43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave
most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.
7:44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou
this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for
my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with
the hairs of her head.
7:45 Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came
in hath not ceased to kiss my feet.
7:46 My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath
anointed my feet with ointment.
7:47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are
forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the
same loveth little.
7:48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
The fifty pence
sinner had nothing to pay, but neither did the one who owed 500
pence. It makes no difference if you have sinned a little or a lot,
you are still a sinner.
3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:
3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh
3:12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become
unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
3:13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they
have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:
3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
3:15 Their feet are swift to shed blood:
3:16 Destruction and misery are in their ways:
3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:
3:18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.
No matter how
little or how much we have done in regards to sin, we have nothing
to pay God back for it. If we have only lied once, or been a
horrible sinner that has lived in adultery and murdered people. We
are all guilty and can’t pay the price. But sin has a price, and
someone has to pay for it.
Jesus asks him
who do you suppose loved him most? He answers correctly and says
the one with 500 pence of debt. He then explains how the woman had
come and gave her all unto the Lord, and loved Christ much. And for
this, Jesus forgave her sins.
7:49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within
themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?
7:50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in
Those sitting at
the meal began to question who Jesus was. How could he forgive
someone of their sins. What they failed to realize was that this
was God in their presence. Jesus knew their thoughts and the
thoughts of the woman, and tell her to go in peace. “Thy faith hath
saved thee.” That is all we can bring to Jesus… faith in him, and
repentance in our hearts.
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: email@example.com
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.