Luke Chapter 8:1-56
for this week: Psa 46:7 The LORD of
hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
our study of the book of Luke this week as we cover chapter 8. In
chapter seven we studied about the centurion’s servant being healed
by the Lord. Jesus then raised the widow’s son from the dead. He
later spoke about John the Baptist and said he was the greatest man
ever born of women. We closed with the study of the parable of the
Preaches and Heals in Galilee
8:1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every
city and village, preaching and showing the glad tidings of the
kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him,
8:2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and
infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,
8:3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and
many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.
Jesus and his
twelve disciples went throughout every city and village, preaching
and showing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God. While these
small cities may seem insignificant to us, but all of these places
were important to Jesus. No town was too little and no people were
too few for the Lord to be concerned about. Mary Magdalene and
some of the other women ministered to the Lord and provided for he
and the disciples. These were the ones that apparently had been
healed by the Lord.
II. Parable of
8:4 And when much people were gathered together, and were come to
him out of every city, he spake by a parable:
8:5 A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by
the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air
8:6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it
withered away, because it lacked moisture.
8:7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it,
and choked it.
8:8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an
hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that
hath ears to hear, let him hear.
We find the
parable of the sower beginning in verse 4. There were four kinds of
There were also
four kinds of soil that the Lord relates these to. Some of the seed
was eaten up by the birds, while some fell upon a rock and dried up
due to a lack of moisture. Some seed fell among thorns and the
thorns choked them. But some of the seed fell on good ground and it
sprang up and bare much fruit.
8:9 And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable
8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the
kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might
not see, and hearing they might not understand.
ask what the parable meant. He tells them the reason that he spake
in parables. Some things are spoken that we (the saved) can know
the mysteries of God where those lost can not understand.
Cor 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit
of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them,
because they are spiritually discerned.
8:11 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
8:12 Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the
devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they
should believe and be saved.
8:13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the
word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe,
and in time of temptation fall away.
8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they
have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and
pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.
8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and
good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit
each to the four types of soil and what each meant. As you can
tell, only the seed that fell on good ground yielded any fruit.
said this about the good ground.
(8.) The good ground,
which brings forth good fruit, is an honest and
good heart, well disposed to receive instruction and commandment
(v. 15); a heart free from sinful pollutions, and firmly fixed for
God and duty, an upright heart, a tender heart, and a heart that
trembles at the word, is an honest and good heart, which, having
heard the word, understands it (so it is in Matthew),
receives it (so it is in Mark), and keeps it (so it is
here), as the soil not only receives, but keeps, the seed;
and the stomach not only receives, but keeps, the food or physic.
(9.) Where the word is
well kept there is fruit brought forth with patience. This
also is added here. There must be both bearing patience and
waiting patience; patience to suffer the tribulation
and persecution which may arise because of the word;
patience to continue to the end in well-doing.
III. Parable of
the Lighted Candle
8:16 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a
vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick,
that they which enter in may see the light.
8:17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest;
neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.
8:18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him
shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even
that which he seemeth to have.
We are told that
no man lights a candle and covers it. Rather he sets it on a
candlestick where others may see the light. In the Matthew account
of the gospel, it renders it as putting the light under a bushel.
5:15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but
on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the
A bushel speaks
of food. The lesson is that many get too concerned about the
material things and forget God. This not God’s plan for our
lives. We are told that a candle is not lit and then put under a
bed. A bed speaks of ease. Some are interested in the work of
the Lord as long as those things do not interfere with their private
comfort zone. We need to do whatever the Lord would have us to
do. Verse 17 assures us that all will be brought out in the open
one day. We need to heed the warning and seek God’s help to change
if we are not serving the Lord as we should.
8:19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not
come at him for the press.
8:20 And it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy
brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.
8:21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren
are these which hear the word of God, and do it.
In the middle of
these teachings, Jesus’ mother and brothers come and desire to see
him. Isn’t this normal? Anytime we are busy about the Lord’s
work, you can be sure something will come up to interrupt us. Jesus
tells the person that “My mother and my brethren are these which
hear the word of God, and do it.” He was not being disrespectful to
his family, but rather was pointing out how that the will of the
Father was His most important mission in this life.
14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother,
and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own
life also, he cannot be my disciple.
14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me,
cannot be my disciple.
V. Jesus Stills
8:22 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship
with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the
other side of the lake. And they launched forth.
8:23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm
of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in
8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master,
we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the
water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.
8:25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being
afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this!
for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him.
This was one of
the greatest miracles Jesus ever did. He manifested His power as
Lord of all creation in a way that has never been duplicated or
surpassed. Perhaps the greatest miracle Jesus ever performed was
the raising of Lazarus after being dead for four days. Corruption
had surely set in on the body by the fourth day, and yet he came
back out of the sepulcher at Jesus’ command. No one else has ever
stilled the waves as Jesus did, just as no one has ever raised to
life someone who was dead for four days.
14:12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the
works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall
he do; because I go unto my Father.
Perhaps in the
Millennial Kingdom we shall do greater works than these that Jesus
did. No matter what we face, Jesus can overcome anything that
faces us in our life. Even the wind and seas obey the voice of
In verse 22,
Jesus told them “Let us go over”. We do not always know what
dangers and difficulties we may face in this life, but we know Jesus
will carry out his purpose and see us safely over to the other
side. Jesus was in perfect peace in the midst of that storm. He
was not concerned one bit about the winds and the boisterous sea.
The disciples were filled with fear, but not Jesus. After Jesus
rebuked the wind, it says there was a great calm. That is how it is
when a sinner accepts Jesus as Lord and Savior. The life full of
turmoil is filled with peace and tranquility. Jesus asked the
disciples, “Where is your faith?”
57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.
J. Vernon McGee
said this about Jesus calming the sea.
gave a command to cross the sea. An unordinary storm arose. The
intensity of the storm suggests the savagery of Satan. The Lord went
to sleep because He was weary—so weary that the violent storm did
not disturb Him. The disciples became frightened and felt that
everyone in the boat would perish. The storm did not disturb the
Lord, but the attitude of His disciples did. He rebuked the wind and
the sea as one would speak to dogs on a leash. Literally His command
was, “Be muzzled.” The miracle lies in the fact that the wind ceased
immediately, and the sea, which would have rolled for hours,
instantly became as smooth as glass. How often He puts us in the
storms of life in order that we might come closer to Him and learn
what manner of Man He really is.
VI. Jesus Casts
8:26 And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is
over against Galilee.
8:27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city
a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes,
neither abode in any house, but in the tombs.
While Christ was
here on earth, he encountered many people who were possessed of
demons. While we may not understand all of this, and the terrible
power that overcame these people from Satan, we can certainly be
assured that Jesus is always victorious over demons and Satan. The
man said he had devils for a long time, and ran naked in the
tombs. This might be a reminder how that all things are open and
naked to the Lord. He knows all about us. It says the man lived
among the dead in the tombs. This is the condition of the lost man
or woman, dead in trespasses and sins. In the account of this in
Mark, it mentions how many of his friends had tried to restrain him,
but with super-human strength he broke the shackles asunder. When
Satan has us under control, it is a horrible thing. We can
actually be our own worst enemy.
5:1 And they came over unto the other side of the sea, into the
country of the Gadarenes.
5:2 And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him
out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit,
5:3 Who had his dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind
him, no, not with chains:
5:4 Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains,
and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters
broken in pieces: neither could any man tame him.
5:5 And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the
tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones.
8:28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and
with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son
of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not.
8:29 (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the
man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with
chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the
devil into the wilderness.)
8:30 And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said,
Legion: because many devils were entered into him.
8:31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out
into the deep.
It isn’t clear
how the demons had entered this man, but there were many that lived
inside this poor man. The demons speak through human lips, and
acknowledge that they know who Jesus is… thou Son of God. Jesus
asks the man what was his name, and he says his name is Legion
because many devils were entered into him. While we do not know the
number of devils or demons in the man, we know a Roman legion was
made up of 6,000 men. Most likely it was not this great number,
but it says ‘many devils’ were entered into him. The demons ask
that they not be command to out into the deep, perhaps fearing they
would be chained in darkness awaiting the day of judgment.
8:32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the
mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter
into them. And he suffered them.
8:33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the
swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake,
and were choked.
8:34 When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, and went
and told it in the city and in the country.
8:35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus,
and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at
the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were
8:36 They also which saw it told them by what means he that was
possessed of the devils was healed.
8:37 Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round
about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with
great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again.
The Lord gave
consent and sends them into the herd of swine feeding there on the
mountain. When the devils entered the swine, they ran headlong down
the mountain and ran into the lake and were killed. All of these
swine could not contain the powers these demons possessed. But at
the word of Jesus, the man if made free from his demon possession.
We now see him seated at the feet of Jesus, fully clothed and in his
right mind. We who are saved are clothed in the righteousness of
Jesus Christ. It isn’t our righteousness that let’s us approach
God, but is the imputed righteousness of Christ. The man has a
request in verse 38.
8:38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him
that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying,
8:39 Return to thine own house, and show how great things God hath
done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the
whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.
8:40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people
gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him.
While the man
desires to go with Jesus, he tells him to go to his own house and
show the great things God had done for him. But the people there
wanted Jesus to leave because of their fear. Also, the loss of the
swine probably was more important than seeing the poor man healed
and in his right mind. But when Jesus returned later, the Gadarenes
gladly received him, most likely due to the witness of the man
Legion. You and I need to tell others what great things God has
done for us. Each of us has a unique story about how God saved
us, and the things he has accomplished with our lives.
of the Woman and Jairus’ Daughter
8:41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler
of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him
that he would come into his house:
8:42 For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and
she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him.
8:43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had
spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of
8:44 Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and
immediately her issue of blood stanched.
8:45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and
they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and
press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me?
daughter of Jairus, a ruler of the synagogue, was 12 years old and
was about to die. As Christ went to her, a woman who had been sick
12 years of her life with a blood issue, comes up and touches the
border of Jesus’ garment. At the moment she touched it, the woman
was cured. This woman had spent all the money she had on doctors,
and none had done her any good. But one touch of the master’s
garment, and she is healed. Jesus realized that virtue had
proceeded from him, and asks who touched me? Peter and the others
question why the Lord asks this since the press was so great with so
many people about them.
8:46 And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that
virtue is gone out of me.
8:47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came
trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before
all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was
8:48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith
hath made thee whole; go in peace.
The woman admits
that it is her, and she comes forth trembling. She was healed
immediately, and Jesus tells hers to be of good comfort… thy faith
hath made thee whole, go in peace.
8:49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the
synagogue's house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not
8:50 But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not:
believe only, and she shall be made whole.
8:51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in,
save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of
8:52 And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is
not dead, but sleepeth.
As Jesus and his
disciples approach Jairus’ house, one came and told him that his
daughter was dead. Jesus tell them to ‘Fear Not: believe only, and
she shall be made whole.’ He lest only Peter, James, John, the
father, and the mother enter into the house. When Jesus told
them to weep not, she is not dead, but sleepeth, it stays the began
to laugh him to scorn since they all knew she was dead.
8:53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
8:54 And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called,
saying, Maid, arise.
8:55 And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he
commanded to give her meat.
8:56 And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they
should tell no man what was done.
referred to death as sleep. But at his word, he tells the young
girl to arise, and it says here spirit came again, and she arose
straightway. He tells them to feed the girl, and to not tell any
man what was done. What a great blessing this was to this
family. Like the poor widow woman who we read about whose son had
died and was raised again, this family receives their daughter back
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
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Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.