Luke Chapter 15:1-32
for this week: Col 2:7 Rooted and built
up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught,
abounding therein with thanksgiving.
We continue our study of
the book of Luke this week as we continue in chapter 15. Last week
in our study, Jesus taught again about how it is permissible to heal
and do good on the sabbath. We also studied about how many are
called to the feast of the Lord but few choose to come. We closed
the lesson on the parable of salt and discussed how we should be
people worthy of ‘our salt.’
15:1 Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to
15:2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man
receiveth sinners, and eateth with them.
Note it was the
publicans and sinners who drew near to the Lord. The Pharisees
despised the publicans and sinners.
18:9 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in
themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:
18:10 Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee,
and the other a publican.
18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank
thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust,
adulterers, or even as this publican.
18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I
18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so
much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God
be merciful to me a sinner.
18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather
than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased;
and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
The Scribes and
Pharisees murmured because Jesus received sinners. Thank the Lord
Jesus cares about sinners. Without that, none of us would have
hope of salvation. These Scribes and Pharisees were also sinners
like all men, but they did not acknowledge that. Jesus told his
disciples that hey would have to be more righteous than the Scribes
and Pharisees to enter into the kingdom of heaven.
5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall
exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in
no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we
murmured against Moses there in the wilderness. Paul warned the
Israelites to not murmur like those people in the wilderness.
Cor 10:10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and
were destroyed of the destroyer.
II. Parable of
the Lost Sheep
15:3 And he spake this parable unto them, saying,
15:4 What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of
them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go
after that which is lost, until he find it?
15:5 And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders,
15:6 And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and
neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my
sheep which was lost.
15:7 I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one
sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons,
which need no repentance.
All through the
Lord’s ministry, there were people who failed to understand his
interest in lost sinners. This misunderstanding was especially so
among the religious Jews. The lost sheep in the parable typifies a
poor lost sinner who knows he is lost and needs a savior. The
shepherd leaves the 99 in the wilderness and goes out to find the
one lost sheep. He doesn’t give up until he finds the sheep and
brings it back to the fold. Just like the shepherd carried the
lost sheep back to the fold, the Lord carries us home all the way.
He doesn’t just save us and leave us to ourselves to try and keep
up. It says in verse 7 that there is more rejoicing over one
sinner that repents and comes home than over 99 righteous ones.
III. Parable of
the Lost Coin
15:8 Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one
piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek
diligently till she find it?
15:9 And when she hath found it, she calleth her friends and her
neighbours together, saying, Rejoice with me; for I have found the
piece which I had lost.
15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the
angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
One of the ten
pieces of silver was lost. In these days, the 10 pieces of silver
were joined together in a chain and given by the husband to seal the
marriage ceremony. They were worn across the wife’s forehead and
valued as a wedding-ring is to us today. If one coin should be lost
it was thought it indicated that the wife would be unfaithful to her
husband. Because of this, there was an urgency of the woman to find
the lost coin. To find it, meant the women had to be active to
discover the coin. The coin would not find its way back to the
woman. So it is with the lost soul. We must depend upon the Lord
for salvation. He comes and seeks those who are lost.
3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:
3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh
IV. The Parable
of the Lost Son
15:11 And he said, A certain man had two sons:
15:12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me
the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them
15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all
together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted
his substance with riotous living.
The father had
two sons. The younger one decides he wants to take his part of the
inheritance and go his own way. The father gives him his portion,
and he departs and goes into a far away country where he wastes his
substance on riotous living.
15:14 And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in
that land; and he began to be in want.
15:15 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country;
and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
15:16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that
the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
The young man
found misery in this far away country. After he had wasted away
all that he had, things were not going so well. After he spent all,
there arose a mighty famine in the land. The man soon came into a
need of want. If we try to find satisfaction in the things of this
world, we always come up disappointed after a while. The world can
never satisfy the needs of the soul of man. In his distress, and in
order to keep from starving, the young man took a horrible job for a
Jew. He agreed to feed swine. Swine were considered unclean in a
Jew’s sight, and this was a despised job. It is worthy to note
that all the friends who were there to help him spend the money are
no where around when he is in need. Here among the unclean beasts,
the young man begins to realize his ingratitude to his father.
15:17 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants
of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with
15:18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him,
Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee,
15:19 And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of
thy hired servants.
thing was that the young man finally came to himself. He came to
the important place of repentance in his life. Sometimes it takes a
real tragedy to make one come to himself. In verse 18, it says that
he decides to arise and go back to his father. He decides he will
return to the father and confess that he is no more worthy to be
called a son, but wants to come and work as a hired servant. All
of us must come to this point in our life if we want to be saved.
We must come to ourselves, realize our lost condition, and by faith
turn to Jesus to be saved.
15:20 And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a
great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and
fell on his neck, and kissed him.
15:21 And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against
heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy
15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best
robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on
15:23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us
eat, and be merry:
15:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost,
and is found. And they began to be merry.
It says he
returns to the father and finds he has been looking for him to
return. His father saw him when he was a great way off. When the
son confessed, the father ordered the best robe to be placed on
him. This robe speaks of the robe of righteousness of God. They
kill the fatted calf and had a great feast. They had something to
be merry about… a lost son was found and a dead son was made alive.
V. The Older
15:25 Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew
nigh to the house, he heard music and dancing.
15:26 And he called one of the servants, and asked what these
15:27 And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father
hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and
15:28 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his
father out, and entreated him.
The elder son is
indignant that the father has received the younger son back. This
attitude is like that of the Pharisee. He did not dare say he was
saved, but did not imagine he was lost. In his heart, he was
showing no more love to his father than there had been in the
younger son who went away.
15:29 And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do
I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment:
and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my
15:30 But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy
living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
15:31 And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all
that I have is thine.
15:32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this
thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is
The older son
speaks of all the years of service he had done faithfully for the
father. He speaks evil of the younger brother and says that never
had the father given him a kid to make merry with his friends. He
had not wasted his money on living with harlots like his younger
brother. This attitude exists sadly in the lives of many church
members. They think of only themselves. They can’t imagine anyone
should be given an opportunity before it was first given to them.
Jesus loves us all. The father says ‘Son, thou art ever with me,
and all that I have is thine.’ He says that the older son should
be glad that the lost son had come alive and was now found. All of
us should rejoice when a lost man or woman comes to Christ for
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
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