for this week: James 1:19 Wherefore, my
beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak,
slow to wrath:
We continue our study of
the book of Luke this week as we continue in chapter 19. Last
week, we began our study with the parable of the unjust judge
followed by the teaching of the two men who went up to the temple to
pray, the one a Pharisee and the other a Publican. We closed with
the healing of the blind man near Jericho.
19:1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.
19:2 And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the
chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
19:3 And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the
press, because he was little of stature.
19:4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see
him: for he was to pass that way.
In the four
accounts of the gospel, this is the only book that includes the
story of Zacchaeus. This small man was a publican and tax
collector. Publicans were despised since many were tax collectors
and that position was sold to the one who had the most money. They
actually bought the position and it allowed them to impose heavy
taxes on the people to reimburse himself for all he had paid to
obtain his position. This afforded most of them a very good
living. We see from these first four verses that Zacchaeus was
very rich and had a desire to see Jesus. Because of being a short
man, he climbed into a sycamore tree to see Christ.
19:5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him,
and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day
I must abide at thy house.
19:6 And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.
19:7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was
gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
When Jesus comes
by the place where Zacchaeus was, he bids him to come down. It
said he did this quickly and received Christ joyfully. While he
was quick to respond, others find fault with Christ and murmur and
say that Jesus was going to go to be a guest at a sinner’s home. I
thank the Lord Jesus wants to have something to do with sinners.
19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the
half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing
from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.
19:9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this
house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
19:10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was
Zacchaeus is an
example of how the lost man should come to Christ. First he must
see himself as a sinner in need of a Savior. Then he must accept
Christ as Savior and repent of his sins. Zacchaeus says he will
give half of his goods to help the poor and give back to anyone who
he had falsely accused four times the value of what he had stolen.
Believer’s Study Bible, it talked about Zacchaeus’ willingness to
repay those he had done wrong.
The office of the “tax
collector” (v. 2) under the Roman system is conducive to fraud, as
Zacchaeus acknowledges. The official pays an amount agreed upon to
the government, and all that he collects above that amount is his
profit. Zacchaeus is going beyond the requirement of the Law, which,
in the case of fraud, requires the return of that which is illegally
acquired plus one-fifth (cf. Lev. 6:5; Num. 5:6). In the case of
theft the requirement in the Law was a payment of at least four
times the amount stolen (cf. Ex. 22:1). Zacchaeus regards his
actions as the equivalent of theft.[i]
Jesus came down
to this sinful world for people like Zacchaeus, and people like you
and I. Jesus came to where he was, he saw the sinner, and drew near
unto him. Then Jesus saved the man. He proclaims salvation has
come to Zacchaeus’ house. This was the reason Jesus came to earth,
which was to seek and save those who are lost. And the one who
saved this man over 2,000 years ago can still save anyone who will
but come unto him.
II. Parable of
the Ten Pounds
19:11 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable,
because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the
kingdom of God should immediately appear.
19:12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country
to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
19:13 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten
pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
Many of the Jews
looked for Jesus to enter the royal city and declare himself
Israel’s Messiah. They also expected Him to become the head of the
Jewish army whose zealots wanted to drive out the Romans and take
over the throne of David and begin His reign on Mount Zion. But
Christ did not come at this time to take up the throne. His
kingdom was postponed for many years, but one day, and I believe it
is much sooner than many expect, Christ will come and take up the
throne of David there in Jerusalem.
this parable to make them understand that His kingdom was not be
setup at this first trip to earth. In the parable, the noble man
represents Christ himself. Jesus has gone into heaven to wait until
He returns again to reign on His throne. As the noble man delivered
unto his servants 10 pounds and commanded them to occupy until he
returned, Christ has delivered unto his servants (you and I) certain
responsibilities. We are required to occupy until the Lord
returns. Jesus has given the church the keys to the kingdom of
heaven. We are to go forth with the gospel to all the world.
16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven:
and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven:
and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Jesus has the
keys to both heaven and hell.
1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for
evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
19:14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him,
saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
19:15 And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having
received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called
unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how
much every man had gained by trading.
In the parable,
the citizens hated the master and said they would not have the man
reign over them. Is this not what the Jews told Christ? And
sadly, so many in today’s world feel this same way. No matter what
Christ might be able to do for them, they do not want to have
anything to do with Him. Honestly, there is no one greater to have
reigning over your life. The nobleman returns and inquired as to
what his servants had did with the pounds he had delivered unto
them. One day, at the judgment seat of Christ, each of the saved
will stand and give an account of how we have used the talents and
resources entrusted unto us. God gives each of us many
opportunities to serve, and if we take advantage of those, and use
our money like a wise steward, we will be rewarded with crowns one
day. And I think we receive many spiritual blessings while we are
here on earth.
19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten
19:17 And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou
hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten
19:18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five
19:19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
We see as the
nobleman called into account what each one had done with their
pound, some had
done very well. The one had gained ten pounds, another had gained
five pounds. Based upon how much they had done, they were given
19:20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound,
which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
19:21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou
takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst
19:22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge
thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man,
taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:
19:23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that
at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
19:24 And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound,
and give it to him that hath ten pounds.
19:25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)
19:26 For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be
given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken
away from him.
19:27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign
over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
Not all of those
given money used it wisely. The servant who hid his money and made
certain he didn’t lose any of it brought it back proudly to the
master. However, he was not pleased. He points out that if he had
but put the money in the bank it would have drawn interest. So
rather than rewarding the man, he takes his rewards and gives it to
the one who had done the best. Verse 26 sums it up… Every one
which hath shall be given, and from him that hath not, even that he
hath shall be taken away from him. Many lives will be judged and
found to be fruitless for the Lord. But as the nobleman blessed
and rewarded those who had been working, Jesus will one day reward
the faithful Christians. The unfaithful will have a sad surprise in
19:28 And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to
19:29 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and
Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his
19:30 Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which
at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man
sat: loose him, and bring him hither.
19:31 And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye
say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
19:32 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he
had said unto them.
19:33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said
unto them, Why loose ye the colt?
19:34 And they said, The Lord hath need of him.
are sent on a mission to retrieve a colt. He tells them right
where to go, and just as he told them, they found the colt there
tied. Be sure that you always find things just the way the Lord
says it will be. It says that they found a colt that no man had
ever sat on. If you grew up in the country like I did, I’m sure
you’ve sat on the back of a horse for the first time. They do not
like that, and typically jump and buck and do everything in their
power to throw the rider off. Notice that even this unbroken colt
is in submission to the Lord. Jesus was God himself manifested in
the flesh here on earth.
J. Vernon McGee
made a good point that Christ entered into the city of Jerusalem on
three separate days.
The Gospels present a composite picture of the so-called triumphal
entry. By piecing the Gospels together, the conclusion is obvious
that He entered Jerusalem three times, once a day on three separate
Sabbath day). There were no money changers on that day, and He
looked around and left, “And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into
the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and
now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve”
(Mark 11:11). He entered as Priest.
day of week). The money changers were there and He cleansed the
temple (see Matt. 21:12–13). He entered as King.
Third—Monday (second day of week). He wept over Jerusalem and
entered the temple and taught and healed (see vv. 41–44, 47& 48).
He entered as Prophet.
19:35 And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments
upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
19:36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
19:37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the
mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to
rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works
that they had seen;
19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the
Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
19:39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto
him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
19:40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these
should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
It says as Jesus
came into the city, a multitude of disciples began to rejoice and
praise the Lord for all the mighty works they had seen. They
proclaim “Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord.”
However, the Pharisees were not pleased, and ask Jesus to rebuke his
disciples. But Jesus tells them a truth… if they didn’t cry out,
the stones would cry out. This entry was part of prophecy, and
came on the exact day as it was promised in the Old Testament.
IV. Jesus Weeps
19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over
19:42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy
day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid
from thine eyes.
19:43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall
cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in
on every side,
19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children
within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon
another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
I’m sure you’ve
seen the picture depicting the Lord looking out over the city of
Jerusalem. How much he loved those people, and how much he wanted
them to know that He was the true Messiah. This was the religious
center of the world, and the exact place God had chosen to place His
name. But these people were so far away from God. They were
religious, but they were lost in their religious ways and
traditions. In verse 43, Jesus is foretelling of the Roman invasion
that would come in AD 70. The reason the enemy would lay Jerusalem
to the ground was because the people did not recognize Christ for
who He was. “Thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.”
says we need to recognize our day of visitation also.
There is a time of
visitation when those things which belong to our peace
may be known by us, and known to good purpose. When we enjoy
the means of grace in great plenty, and have the word of God
powerfully preached to us—when the Spirit strives with us, and our
own consciences are startled and awakened—then is the time of
visitation, which we are concerned to improve. [3.] With those
that have long neglected the time of their visitation, if at length,
if at last, in this their day, their eyes be opened, and they
bethink themselves, all will be well yet. Those shall not be refused
that come into the vineyard at the eleventh hour. [4.] It is
the amazing folly of multitudes that enjoy the means of grace, and
it will be of fatal consequence to them, that they do not improve
the day of their opportunities. The things of their peace are
revealed to them, but are not minded or regarded by them; they
hide their eyes from them, as if they were not worth taking
notice of. They are not aware of the accepted time and the
day of salvation, and to let it slip and perish through mere
carelessness. None are so blind as those that will not
see; nor have any the things of their peace more
certainly hidden from their eyes than those that turn their back
upon them. [5.] The sin and folly of those that persist in a
contempt of gospel grace are a great grief to the Lord Jesus, and
should be so to us. He looks with weeping eyes upon lost souls, that
continue impenitent, and run headlong upon their own ruin; he had
rather that they would turn and live than go on and die,
for he is not willing that any should perish.
Purification of the Temple
19:45 And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that
sold therein, and them that bought;
19:46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of
prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
The people who
traveled great distances still needed animals to sacrifice for their
sin offering. These money changes were setup in the court of the
temple and they would sell the people animals to use. They did this
for a profit, and it was not pleasing to Christ because this
dishonored God. God’s house should never be used as a place to
make money, but many think nothing of doing that today. Jesus
drives out the moneychangers and proclaims that the temple should a
be a house of prayer, but ‘Ye have made it a den of thieves.’
19:47 And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and
the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him,
19:48 And could not find what they might do: for all the people
were very attentive to hear him.
daily in the temple, and yet the chief priests and scribes sought to
destroy Him. But while these who knew not the Lord were his
enemies, the common people were attentive to hear him. The reason
was there was no greater teacher ever nor will there ever be.
7:28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the
people were astonished at his doctrine:
7:29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
Believer’s study Bible [computer file], electronic ed. ,
Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997,
c1991 by the Criswell Center for Biblical Studies.
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.