Luke Chapter 24
for this week: Phil 4:19 But my God
shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by
Introduction: We conclude our study of
the book of Luke this week as we study Chapter 24. In last week’s
lesson, we witnessed the trial that Jesus faced, first being judged
before Pilate, then Herod, and then back to Pilate. Pilate could
find no fault in Christ, but the crowd demanded that he be
crucified. So to pacify the people, Pilate washed his hands and
released the murderer Barabbas to them and sentenced Jesus to die on
the cross. The chapter closed as Jesus commended his soul to God
and died there between the two thieves on a hill called Mount
Resurrection of Jesus Christ
24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning,
they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had
prepared, and certain others with them.
24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.
It says that the
women came the first day of the week and came to the tomb. They had
come to embalm the body with spices, and they are surprised to find
that the stone was rolled away from the sepulchre. It was very
early in the morning when they arrived at the grave.
24:3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
24:4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout,
behold, two men stood by them in shining garments:
24:5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the
earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?
entered the tomb, the body of Jesus was missing. They are confused
and wonder who has taken away the body. It says in verse 4 that as
they stood perplexed, two men stood by them in shining garments.
No doubt these were angels of the Lord. They ask them “Why seek ye
the living among the dead?” Praise God Jesus is not with the dead,
but He is alive forevermore. They tell them that the Lord has
24:6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you
when he was yet in Galilee,
24:7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of
sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
24:8 And they remembered his words,
24:9 And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things
unto the eleven, and to all the rest.
The angels tell
them that Jesus is not in the grave any longer, but he had risen.
They ask if they remembered the words that Jesus spake to them while
he was with them in Galilee. He had told them that He must be
delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified, and on the
third day He would rise again. It says in verse 8 that they
remembered the words and went back and told the disciples what the
angels had said.
24:10 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of
James, and other women that were with them, which told these things
unto the apostles.
24:11 And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they
believed them not.
24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping
down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed,
wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.
did not believe the women. It appeared that they were speaking as
it where ‘idle tales.’ Many times, the things of God take faith,
and the common man will not believe what God is doing. But to
please God, we must have faith.
1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to
faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
10:38 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back,
my soul shall have no pleasure in him.
11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that
cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of
them that diligently seek him.
after the women told them what they had seen and heard, and the goes
to the grave. It says in the account in the book of John that John
also went to the tomb.
20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it
was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away
from the sepulchre.
20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other
disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken
away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have
20:3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came
to the sepulchre.
20:4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun
Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
20:5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes
lying; yet went he not in.
20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the
sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the
linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.
20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the
sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise
again from the dead.
20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
Journey to Emmaus
24:13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village
called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
24:14 And they talked together of all these things which had
24:15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and
reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
These two, an
unnamed disciple of the Lord and the other Cleopas, were walking to
a village called Emmaus which was near Jerusalem (about a 2 hour
walk). Some believe Cleopas was Joseph’s brother, but we are not
certain of this. As they walked along, they were discussing all
the things that had happened concerning Christ and His death. As
they walked, Jesus himself drew near and walked with them. Here He
was in the midst of them and they didn’t even know who He was.
Sometimes in our own lives, Jesus may be right there with us,
sometimes even carrying us through trials, sorrow, and
disappointments, and we as Christians may not recognize it. In
every day of our life, we need to let the Holy Spirit guide us and
draw near to God. We have the promise that if we draw near to God,
He will draw near to us. And as we do that, we become more aware
of the workings of the Lord in our lives.
said this about Jesus with the men on the road to Emmaus.
Jesus himself drew
near, as a
stranger who, seeing them travel the same way that he went,
told them that he should be glad of their company. We may
observe it, for our encouragement to keep up Christian conference
and edifying discourse among us, that where but two together are
well employed in work of that kind Christ will come to them, and
make a third. When they that fear the Lord speak one to another
the Lord hearkens and hears, and is with them of a truth; so
that two thus twisted in faith and love become a threefold cord,
not easily broken, Eccl. 4:12. They in their communings and
reasonings together were searching for Christ, comparing notes
concerning him, that they might come to more knowledge of him; and
now Christ comes to them. Note, They who seek Christ shall find him:
he will manifest himself to those that enquire after him, and give
knowledge to those who use the helps for knowledge which they have.
24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
24:17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are
these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
24:18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said
unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known
the things which are come to pass there in these days?
As they walked
with Jesus, he asked them why they were so sad. Cleopas asks if he
is a stranger in Jerusalem since he was not aware of all the things
that had taken place.
24:19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him,
Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and
word before God and all the people:
24:20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be
condemned to death, and have crucified him.
24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed
Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these
things were done.
24:22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us
astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;
24:23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that
they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.
24:24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre,
and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
full well all things, asked them “What things?” It says they began
to explain all about Christ and how he was a prophet in deed and
word before God and all the people. They explained how that the
chief priests and rulers had delivered him to be condemned to death,
and had him crucified. Some of the people had believed that Christ
was the Messiah and would deliver Israel from the Romans. They go
on to discuss how that the women had came and not found the body,
and that certain angels told them that he was alive. Jesus asked
this question so that He might be able to elaborate upon the
scriptures and teach them using the Word of God.
24:25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe
all that the prophets have spoken:
24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter
into his glory?
24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded
unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
their lack of faith and ability to believe as he began at Moses and
expounded unto them all the scriptures that pertained to Christ and
how God would send him, how he would live a sinless life, and
ultimately be put to death for the payment of sin there at
Calvary. It probably wasn’t five minutes before the men knew that
his was no stranger to the things of God and knew ALL about the Lord
Jesus Christ. However, they were still blinded to the fact that
it was Jesus speaking to them.
J. Vernon McGee
made a good point about how Jesus proved He was the Messiah.
This is a very
important section, friend. The Lord, in speaking about His
resurrection, did not show them the prints of the nails in His hands
to prove it. He referred them to the Scriptures rather than to the
nail prints. He told them, “You should have believed what the
prophets said.” It is well to note the Lord’s attitude toward the
Bible. The day in which we live is a day of doubt. There are people
who are actually saying that you cannot be intelligent and believe
the Bible. Many people are afraid that they will not be considered
intelligent; so they don’t come out flat-footed and say whether they
believe the Bible or not. I suppose it is the most subtle and
satanic trap of our day to discount the inerrancy and integrity of
the Word of God. Christ says a man is a fool not to believe
it. He gave a unanimous and wholehearted acceptance of the Bible’s
statements, with no ifs, ands, or buts.
The other day I
picked up a seminary professor and took him to a filling station,
because he had car trouble. As we rode along, I asked him about his
school’s viewpoint of the inerrancy of Scripture. “Well,” he said,
“you mean the infallibility of the Bible?” I replied “Wait a minute,
you are arguing semantics. You know what I mean, and I know what you
mean. Do you or do you not believe in the inerrancy of Scripture?”
Well, he wouldn’t make a forthright declaration whether or not he
believed it. He wanted to appear intelligent. Frankly, a lot of
these men do not have the intestinal fortitude to stand for the Word
of God. I think their problem is more intestinal than intellectual!
Now notice that the
Lord puts the emphasis upon the Word of God.
Men may want to
impress others with their intellectual ability. I don’t worry about
impressing other people, but I believe God, and believe all the
words in God’s Word are true. I believe the sooner we come to
grips with that truth, the sooner God can really use us effectively
in His work.
24:28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and
he made as though he would have gone further.
24:29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is
toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry
As they come
into the village of Emmaus, the day was well spent, and they asked
Jesus to stay there with them. They ask him to abide with them
since the day was far spent. So he agreed to tarry there with
24:30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took
bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
24:31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he
vanished out of their sight.
24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within
us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us
When they sat
down to eat with Christ, it says he blessed the food and brake and
gave it to them. And finally, they knew who this man was. It says
in verse 31 that their eyes were opened, and they knew him. That
is what God wants every man to do. To know who Jesus Christ really
is, and to find Him as their own personal savior. You can see that
the things Jesus taught on their walk to Emmaus had deep spiritual
meaning to them. They said “Did not our heart burn within us,
while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the
scriptures?” When we are truly saved and we hear God’s word
proclaimed, it does have an effect upon us. And there is NO ONE
who could teach and expound the Word of God like Jesus.
1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath
day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
1:22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them
as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
24:33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem,
and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with
24:34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.
24:35 And they told what things were done in the way, and how he
was known of them in breaking of bread.
We see the two
men return to Jerusalem immediately to tell the apostles about how
that the Lord had appeared unto them. They were excited about
this. There is some that believe that it was Simon Peter who
journeyed with Cleopas to Emmaus and that is what this means in
verse 34. That is possible, and it is also possible that the Lord
came to speak to Simon alone. Perhaps his three denials were cause
for the Lord to speak directly to Him and encourage him in the work
of the Lord. Whatever or however it happened, you know the
apostles were glad to hear the things that had come to pass.
Appears to the 10 Apostles
24:36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of
them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
24:37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that
they had seen a spirit.
Thomas was not
present with the others the first time that Jesus appeared. When he
appeared, it says they were all terrified and frightened. Perhaps
the Lord looked much more like a spirit now that he was resurrected
than he looked when he was with them earlier. Jesus tells them to
be at peace and not to be afraid.
20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the
week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled
for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith
unto them, Peace be unto you.
20:20 And when he had so said, he showed unto them his hands and
his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.
20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my
Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith
unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
20:23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and
whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with
them when Jesus came.
24:38 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do
thoughts arise in your hearts?
24:39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me,
and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
24:40 And when he had thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his
24:41 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he
said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
24:42 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an
24:43 And he took it, and did eat before them.
as to why they are troubled. Nothing had happened that they had
not been warned would come to pass. He shows them his hands and
feet and tells them to touch Him if they desired. A spirit is not
the same as a body, and this frightened the apostles. He even asks
for food, and they give him some fish and a honeycomb to eat.
24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto
you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled,
which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in
the psalms, concerning me.
24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might
understand the scriptures,
It says that
Jesus opened their minds to understanding the scriptures. For
whatever purpose, God had not allowed them to understand all the
scriptures nor some of the things Jesus had taught up until now. He
explained to them all the things that had be fulfilled from the law
of Moses and from the prophets and Psalms. It is a great day when
we begin to understand the scriptures.
5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal
life: and they are they which testify of me.
Commission to the Church
24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved
Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached
in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
24:48 And ye are witnesses of these things.
Of course when
we speak of the commission to the church, we normally read the
account given in Matthew where it explains things in great detail.
But here it tells us that it behoved Christ to suffer and to rise
from the dead the third day. And Christ tells them to go forth
preaching the Gospel in all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. The
beginning point for us who live in Wichita Falls, Texas is here in
our city. And after that, we branch out to other counties and
states, and then ultimately to all the world. I am proud we have
30 missionaries in countries all around the world, and also proud
that we have our own mission which is about to build a church there
in Godley south of Ft. Worth. By doing these things, we are
effectively carrying out the Lord’s command.
Ascension of Jesus
24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but
tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power
from on high.
24:50 And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up
his hands, and blessed them.
24:51 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted
from them, and carried up into heaven.
We know Bethany
is a town the Lord loved as he many times came here to visit with
his good friends, Mary, Martha, and Lazarus. He tells them to
tarry for a time in Jerusalem, and later they would be endued with
power from on high. That came on the day of Pentecost as Jesus
baptized the church with the Holy Spirit. It says he lifted up his
hands, blessed them, and parted being carried up into heaven. What
a sight that must have been. And just as they watched Jesus
ascend, one day all of us who know Jesus as our Lord will see Him
coming in the east in the clouds. I think it will be a lot sooner
than many think.
We have the
record of his ascension also over in the first book of Acts.
1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come
upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and
in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the
1:9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was
taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
1:10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up,
behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up
into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into
heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into
We have record
of the coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost in Acts
2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all
with one accord in one place.
2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing
mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire,
and it sat upon each of them.
2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to
speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
2:5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of
every nation under heaven.
2:6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together,
and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his
2:7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another,
Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were
2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in
Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya
about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the
wonderful works of God.
2:12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to
another, What meaneth this?
It is always
important when talking of Pentecost and the coming of the Holy
Spirit to reiterate that the Holy Spirit has never baptized
anyone. The Holy Spirit was what Jesus used to baptize that day.
That was promised in John by John the Baptist. There are many
fillings of the Holy Spirit, but that is different that being
1:33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water,
the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit
descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth
with the Holy Ghost.
24:52 And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great
24:53 And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing
words, Jesus is taken up to Heaven where he sits making intercession
for His children. It says the people worshipped Jesus and returned
with great joy.
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
McGee, Thru the Bible commentary [computer file],
electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.