Mark Chapter 16:1-20
Memory verses for
this week: 1 Cor 13:4 Charity
suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not
itself, is not puffed up,1 Cor 13:5 Doth not behave itself unseemly,
seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; 1 Cor
13:6 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; 1 Cor
13:7 Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things,
endureth all things.
We conclude our study of
Mark this week as we cover Chapter 16. Last week we saw the great
price Jesus paid for our sins there on Calvary. We covered the trial
before Pilate where he could find no fault in Jesus. He tried to
release Jesus, but they desired a murderer named Barabbas to be
released instead of Christ. The people cried out for Jesus to be
crucified, and so he was sentenced to die by the most horrible method
of death available which was crucifixiation. He was beaten so bad
that he could not carry his cross up the hill to the place of the
skull. Adorned in a crown of thorns, Jesus bore the sins of the
world as God turned His back on Christ just before He died. God can
not look upon sin, and the penalty for sin was placed there on Christ
where he died that we might go free.
The Women at the Empty Tomb
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary
the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they
might come and anoint him.
Mark 16:2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week,
they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
Mark 16:3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away
the stone from the door of the sepulchre?
When the Sabbath ended at sunset on Saturday afternoon, the
same three women we saw standing by at the cross come and bring sweet
spices that they might anoint the body of Jesus in the tomb. It says
it was very early in the morning on the first day of the week meaning
it was Sunday morning. They come to the sepulchre at sunrise with the
spices. Why had they not come sooner? There probably was a reason,
but I think that it was all part of the big plan that the Lord had
about revealing the resurrection of Jesus Christ. As the women walk
towards the tomb, they question how they would get the stone door
moved to open up the grave. It was a very large stone, and would
have taken several strong individuals to move.
Matthew Henry said this about these good women.
The affectionate visit
which the good women that had attended Christ, now made it to his
sepulchre—not a superstitious one, but a pious one. They
set out from their lodgings very early in the morning, at break
of day, or sooner; but either they had a long walk, or they met with
some hindrance, so that it was sun-rising by the time they got
to the sepulchre. The had bought sweet spices too, and came not
only to bedew the dead body with their tears (for nothing could
more renew their grief than this), but to perfume it with their
spices, v. 1. Nicodemus had bought a very large quantity of
dry spices, myrrh and aloes, which served to dry the
wounds, and dry up the blood, Jn. 19:39. But these good women did not
think that enough; they bought spices, perhaps of another kind, some
perfumed oils, to anoint him. Note, The respect which others
have showed to Christ’s name, should not hinder us from showing our
respect to it.
The care they were in about the rolling away of the stone, and the
superseding of that care (v. 3, 4); They said among themselves, as
they were coming along, and now drew near the sepulchre, Who shall
roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre? For it was very
great, more than they with their united strength could move. They
should have thought of this before they came out, and then discretion
would have bid them not go, unless they had those to go with them, who
could do it. And there was another difficulty much greater than this,
to be got over, which they knew nothing of, to wit, a guard of
soldiers set to keep the sepulchre; who, had they come before they
were frightened away, would have frightened them away. But their
gracious love to Christ carried them to the sepulchre; and see how by
the time they came thither, both these difficulties were removed, both
the stone which they knew of, and the guard which they knew not of.
They saw that the stone was rolled away, which was the first thing
that amazed them. Note, They who are carried by a holy zeal, to seek
Christ diligently, will find the difficulties that lie in their way
strangely to vanish, and themselves helped over them beyond their
Mark 16:4 And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled
away: for it was very great.
Mark 16:5 And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man
sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they
Mark 16:6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus
of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold
the place where they laid him.
While being concerned about how they would get the stone
rolled back, they come upon the grave and the stone was already rolled
away. This amazed them and they were surprised to find a young man
sitting on the right side when they entered the grave hewn in the side
of the rock. It appears that this was an angel in a long white
garment. The angel tells them that Jesus is not here.. he has
risen. They were afraid, and he tells them to not be afraid… “Ye
seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified; he is risen; he is not
here: behold the place where they laid him.” He invites them to
come in and see the place where Jesus lay and look at the grave
clothes… which are all that is left.
Mark 16:7 But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he
goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto
Mark 16:8 And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre;
for they trembled and were amazed: neither said they any thing to any
man; for they were afraid.
The angel tells them to go on their way and to tell the
disciples and Peter that Jesus went before them into Galilee where
they would see him. I think it is worthy to mention that while Peter
was the one who was singled out that denied the Lord, the Lord never
quit loving Peter. He knew all about his human weakness, and had
warned them all that they would be fearful. Here Peter is named and
that is a great compliment to him. Don’t be afraid to do something
for God. You may fail and not do things perfectly, but God will
never forget your labor of love. Peter would soon be chosen to
preach that great message at Jerusalem in the church there on the day
of Pentecost. (Acts Chapter 2) The women are fearful and trembled
the bible says. They left quickly and fled and didn’t say anything to
any man due to their fear.
Appearances of Jesus
Mark 16:9 Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the
week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast
Mark 16:10 And she went and told them that had been with him, as
they mourned and wept.
Mark 16:11 And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and
had been seen of her, believed not.
The first one that Jesus appears to is Mary Magdalene. This
is the woman who Jesus had cast out the seven devils (or demons)
during his personal ministry.
Luke 8:1 And it came
to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village,
preaching and showing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the
twelve were with him,
Luke 8:2 And certain
women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary
called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,
Luke 8:3 And Joanna
the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which
ministered unto him of their substance.
When God does something great for you, you don’t soon forget
it. From whom much is forgiven, we have a great appreciation for the
Lord. That is why sometimes the vilest of sinners are the ones God
uses to do great works in His name. When Paul was still known as
Saul, he murdered Christians in the name of God in ignorance, thinking
he was doing God a favor. But once Paul was saved on that road to
Damascus, he was used in one of the most powerful ways of any man to
ever live. Perhaps after Jesus, Paul is the next one I want to meet
when I get to heaven one day. I want to thank him for his faith that
has inspired so many through generations of time.
When Mary finds Jesus alive, she goes and tells the other
disciples. They were mourning and weeping about Christ’s death, and
simply can not believe that he is alive.
Mark 16:12 After that he appeared in another form unto two of
them, as they walked, and went into the country.
Mark 16:13 And they went and told it unto the residue: neither
believed they them.
Next, Jesus appears to two of the disciples as they walked.
Apparently these were the two men who were traveling back home to
Emmaus. They brought word to the others, and again they will not
believe that Jesus was alive. Seems like they would have known that
if Jesus could raise the dead when he was alive, why could he not
raise himself up after death. But they lacked the faith that they
needed to believe. Had we been there, most likely we would have been
just like them. No one else who died ever came out of the grave
without help. But Jesus was the first resurrected… the first fruits
1 Cor 15:20 But now
is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that
1 Cor 15:21 For
since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the
1 Cor 15:22 For as
in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
1 Cor 15:23 But
every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they
that are Christ's at his coming.
Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at
meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart,
because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
Finally Jesus comes and appears to the 11 as they sit
eating. It says he upbraided them because of the hardness of their
hearts. We all must fight our unbelief and letting our hearts get
hard from the world. God can’t use us if our hearts are hard and we
are lacking in faith. God wants us to have moldable hearts and be
putty in the master’s hand. Jesus upbraided and encouraged them
because they had not believed them which had already seen him since he
III. The Great
Commission Given to the Church
Mark 16:15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and
preach the gospel to every creature.
Some people think the commission to preach the gospel is a
Christian commission. We all as Christians do have a responsibility
to preach the gospel, but the commission was given to the church.
The mission of the church is to evangelize the entire world with the
gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. And after we preach to
all creatures, we are to not only baptize them, but teach them ‘all
things, whatsoever I have commanded you.” Not all four accounts of
the Gospel have the exact rendering, but together they present all
things God wanted us to know. The account in Matthew is the most
clear and elaborate about what the commission to the church was.
Mat 28:18 And Jesus
came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven
and in earth.
Mat 28:19 Go ye
therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Mat 28:20 Teaching
them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I
am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Mark 16:16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but
he that believeth not shall be damned.
Some denominations use this as the verse to try and prove
that baptism is a requirement of salvation. But this is not what the
bible is teaching here. God makes a great promise to all those who
believe about what He will do. It says that all who believe and are
baptized shall be saved, but those who do not believe will be
damned. But what if we are one of those like the thief on the cross
who accept Jesus but fail to do the very first command he gives to
every believer. What did Jesus tell the thief who believed as they
hung on the cross?
Luke 23:39 And one
of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be
Christ, save thyself and us.
Luke 23:40 But the
other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing
thou art in the same condemnation?
Luke 23:41 And we
indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this
man hath done nothing amiss.
Luke 23:42 And he
said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.
Luke 23:43 And Jesus
said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in
The reality is you will still be saved, but you won’t be a
part of the bride which is the church. You must be baptized to be a
valid member of the church. It is the doorway into the church. And
the church will be the bride of Christ when Jesus comes back to this
earth. Many will be guests that day… one of the most notable is John
the Baptist. He baptized many, but we have no record of him being
John 3:29 He that
hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom,
which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the
bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
John 3:30 He must
increase, but I must decrease.
John was that friend of the bridegroom. Getting back to
salvation, the reality is that it is faith that saves us, not baptism.
John 3:17 For God
sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the
world through him might be saved.
John 3:18 He that
believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is
condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the
only begotten Son of God.
Note what verse 18 clearly teaches… he that believes is not
condemned… but those who have not believed are condemned already.
You don’t have to wait to find out where you stand before God if you
have not accepted Jesus as your Lord and Savior. You are condemned
already the bible clearly states there in John. Faith in the Son of
God is what takes a person to heaven, and baptism is just another
blessing along the way. It is an act of righteousness, and works of
righteousness are not what save us.
John 5:24 Verily,
verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him
that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into
condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
Rom 10:8 But what
saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart:
that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
Rom 10:9 That if
thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in
thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be
Rom 10:10 For with
the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth
confession is made unto salvation.
Rom 10:11 For the
scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Rom 10:12 For there
is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over
all is rich unto all that call upon him.
Rom 10:13 For
whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Eph 2:8 For by grace
are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift
Eph 2:9 Not of
works, lest any man should boast.
Eph 2:10 For we are
his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God
hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
Titus 3:5 Not by
works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy
he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy
Titus 3:6 Which he
shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
Titus 3:7 That being
justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope
of eternal life.
Mark 16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my
name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;
Mark 16:18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any
deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the
sick, and they shall recover.
Note that these signs were to follow the believers. During
the time of the apostles, there were many signs mentioned that the
believers experienced. These were needed to convince many of the
truth of the Gospel. But today we have the completed word of God and
those special signs and wonders have ceased.
1 Cor 13:8 Charity
never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail;
whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be
knowledge, it shall vanish away.
1 Cor 13:9 For we
know in part, and we prophesy in part.
1 Cor 13:10 But when
that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be
J. Vernon McGee had some good things to say about this verse.
If you want to accept any of these sign gifts, then you must take them
all, brother. I’ll be glad to prepare a formaldehyde cocktail if you
think you can drink it. What am I trying to say? These signs have
followed the preaching of the gospel. But they are not signs to
continue the preaching of the gospel. They disappeared even in the
early church, but they do manifest themselves on some primitive
mission frontiers even today. But if someone maintains that they are
injunctions for today, then one must accept them all, even the
drinking of a deadly poison. Even before the end of the first century,
the sign gifts were no longer the credentials of the apostles. The
test was correct doctrine (see 2 John 10). It is the Word of God that
is the great sign in this hour.
IV. The Ascension of
Mark 16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was
received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
Jesus was received up into heaven and sat down on the right
hand of God. This signified that the job of redemption was completed
and final. Years later, Stephen saw Jesus in heaven at the right
hand of God. He was standing apparently to welcome Stephen home.
Acts 7:54 When they
heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on
him with their teeth.
Acts 7:55 But he,
being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and
saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,
Acts 7:56 And said,
Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the
right hand of God.
Mark 16:20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord
working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
The disciples did what the Lord told them to do. They went
about everywhere preaching the word. The Lord was with them and
confirmed the word with the signs we mentioned earlier. Are we still
faithful to tell others about Jesus Christ? We need to be. The
world needs the Lord as much today as in any day.
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will be
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s
Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible
commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System,
(Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.