verses for this week: 1 Pet 2:6 Wherefore also
it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief
corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall
not be confounded.
week, in chapter 15,
Paul explained how that he had become the apostle unto the Gentiles.
He talked of how God had used him to reach many for the Lord,
and discussed how that he took up an offering to bring to the poor
saints there in Jerusalem. We
closed with his request that the church pray for him.
In Chapter 16, we have a record of many of Paul’s close and
well beloved friends. Many
of whom were fellow-workers in the Lord’s service.
As we study this chapter, note how that some of these people
Paul speaks of are Jews, while many are Gentiles.
Some were men, some women, some business people, while others
were common laborers. But
all, no matter their background or vocation, were servants of our
Lord Jesus Christ. Some
were prisoners because of their faithfulness to God and some even
Greeting to the Named Individuals
Rom 16:1 I commend unto
you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at
Rom 16:2 That ye receive
her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in
whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a
succourer of many, and of myself also.
Phebe was called a servant of
the church there in Cenchrea.
When a person is called a servant, that does not make them
the pastor. Every
member of Christ’s church should be known as servants.
Whatever Phebe’s responsibility at the church, we can be
sure that she did not usurp authority over the men.
Paul would not have been commending her if she had been
disobedient to the Word of God.
1 Tim 2:9
In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest
apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or
gold, or pearls, or costly array;
1 Tim 2:10
But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good
1 Tim 2:11
Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.
1 Tim 2:12
But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority
over the man, but to be in silence.
That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith,
in charity, in patience.
The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as
becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine,
teachers of good things;
That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love
their husbands, to love their children,
To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to
their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
1 Cor 14:34
Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not
permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under
obedience, as also saith the law.
1 Cor 14:35
And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands
at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
1 Cor 14:36
What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you
These verses are not here to
make it sound like women are not to be used of the Lord to
accomplish the work in the church.
They simply set down the order which God chose to do things.
In today’s society, very little attention is paid to what
“thus saith the Lord”, but one day we will all have to give an
account of our lives based upon the rules laid down in the bible.
I believe Phebe was a person of strong Christian influence.
Apparently she was quite wealthy, and helped many including
Paul. Paul thought so
highly of her that he commended her to the church there in Rome.
Rom 16:3 Greet Priscilla
and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:
Rom 16:4 Who have for my
life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks,
but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
In an earlier study of Acts,
we found that Aquila was a Jewish convert of Pontus.
He and his wife Priscilla were of great assistance to Paul.
And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately
come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had
commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.
And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and
wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.
Paul spoke of them in his
first letter to the church in Corinth.
1 Cor 16:19
The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute
you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.
J. Vernon McGee had this to
say in reference to Priscilla and Aquila.
“At this time there were
gentile churches, you see, and I believe the church at Rome was
largely gentile, made up of many races.
“Priscilla and Aquila“ were a Jewish couple.
How had Paul met them, and in what way were they his helpers? Well, there had been a wave of anti-Semitism that had swept
over the city of Rome, and Priscilla and Aquila had to leave.
They came to the city of Corinth while Paul was there and set
up shop. Corinth was a
good commercial center, and Paul was also plying his trade there.
Since they were all tentmakers, this drew them together and
Paul led them to the Lord. Then
they were with Paul at Ephesus.
Perhaps they had gone over there to open up a branch store.
In Acts 18:26, we find that they were able to be helpful to
Apollos as they “Expounded unto him the way of God more
were outstanding workers for Christ.”
Rom 16:5 Likewise greet
the church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus,
who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.
Epaenetus was the first one to
be saved under Paul’s ministry in Achaia.
Note that it mentions to greet the church in their house. Many of the first churches met in local homes.
Today we have many wonderful buildings called churches that
have great steeples on them. But if the people who go there are not serving God, these
churches are no more than a pile of brick, mortar, and stone.
Living churches have vibrant and real living believers in
them. And the Gospel is
put forth in God’s true churches.
I’m afraid many today will have nice reports on some book
or social topic, but little if any of God’s Word preached.
It simply comes down to keeping our eyes on Christ and
lifting Him up. We
know it says that if Jesus be lifted up, He will draw all men unto
Him. I think this had a
two fold meaning in that we know Jesus was lifted up on the cross
when He died for our sins. But
when we preach the Gospel, by word we lift up the name of Jesus
Christ. And the Holy
Spirit still moves in the heart and turns the lost sinner to the
only one who can save them.
And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men
This he said, signifying what death he should die.
Rom 16:6 Greet Mary, who
bestowed much labour on us.
Rom 16:7 Salute
Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of
note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
Rom 16:8 Greet Amplias
my beloved in the Lord.
Rom 16:9 Salute Urbane,
our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
There were many Marys
mentioned in the bible. We
know little about this one except that she was a believer at Rome
and a helper of Paul. Apparently
this was neither Mary Magdalene, nor Christ’s mother Mary, nor the
sister of Martha that the Lord loved so much.
Andronicus and Junia were blood relatives of Paul and had
been fellow-prisoners with him also.
The details of when or how this took place, we are not told.
Paul, because of his great zeal for the Lord, spent many days
in jail for his stand. Some
of the greatest of his written works came while he was in prison
awaiting his execution. Never doubt how God can use a man or woman, even in the
darkest of prisons, to accomplish His ways.
Neither Joseph nor Daniel in the Old Testament had any
negative things written against them, but both had to suffer time in
prisons. God help us if
it come down to it, that we could be like these men and stay
faithful to God even if were cast down.
Many of the names in this
chapter are not names we recognize, but if Paul recommended these
folks, you can be sure that they were faithful workers for God.
One day, when the crowns are given out and the special places
of authority are given in Christ’s kingdom here on earth, we will
probably find that many great places of honor will be held by
Christians who had little said about them and had no name per se
here on earth. But a man or woman of integrity, one that lives and honors
God with their life, is of high value to God.
This is what Christ had to say
in the parable of the talents.
His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful
servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee
ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.
Rom 16:10 Salute Apelles
approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household.
Rom 16:11 Salute
Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the household of
Narcissus, which are in the Lord.
Rom 16:12 Salute
Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved
Persis, which laboured much in the Lord.
Rom 16:13 Salute Rufus
chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
Many names here are not people
who we know much about. Herodion
was a kinsman of Paul. We
don’t know if he was saved prior to Paul or not.
Rufus was spoken of highly, as well as his mother.
The term “his mother and mine” probably speaks of the
love that Rufus’ mother showed to Paul, as if he were here own
son. We meet many
wonderful Christian ladies along our pathway, and I have several
that have blessed men many times over.
I thank the Lord for everyone who cares enough to serve God
and puts Him first in their lives.
We won’t know the full impact of these lives until we die.
(Or Christ returns.)
Rom 16:14 Salute
Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren
which are with them.
Rom 16:15 Salute
Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all
the saints which are with them.
Rom 16:16 Salute one
another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.
How many of you saluted one
another this morning with a holy kiss?
It sounds almost unbelievable in our day and time, but back
then this was a common expression of love between brethren and was
commonly practiced. In
our society, people are much to afraid to show love and emotion.
Our practice of shaking hands is still socially acceptable,
and I think it shows respect one for the other.
We ought to be people who truly care and love one another.
and Comfort to the Roman Saints
Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions
and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and
For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but
their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the
hearts of the simple.
commands that they mark those among them that caused divisions in
the church. You
note he says they will be the ones preaching contrary to the
doctrine which ye have learned.
Not only were they to note and mark who they were, they were
to avoid them. Most
likely you can look back in your Christian life and you’ve been
approached by someone who was like this.
When a Christian brother or sister comes condemning others or
always speaking negative things, pay attention.
Satan can not destroy a church from the outside, but if he
can get a few of his own among the Christians, he can play havoc
with the church. Verse 18 makes it clear that these are not those that
serve Jesus Christ, but are out for themselves.
It is the simple ones who are deceived. We should all so grow in our knowledge of God’s Word
that we immediately spot those that speak glowing words that are
contrary to the bible. That
comes by continual study and being faithful to come to all of the
church services. The more we hear taught and preached, the greater our ability
to defeat the tricks of the devil.
Paul never came with glowing words that built up self. He preached the true word of the Lord.
1 Cor 2:1
And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency
of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God.
1 Cor 2:2
For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus
Christ, and him crucified.
1 Cor 2:3
And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much
1 Cor 2:4
And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of
man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
1 Cor 2:5
That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in
the power of God.
For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I am glad
therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that
which is good, and simple concerning evil.
And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet
shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
appears that the obedience of the believers there in Rome was so
great that it was talked about throughout the world.
What a testimony. Apparently,
false teachers had not yet come into the church there in Rome, but
Paul warned them that it was likely to happen.
Verse 20 gives us the promise that “God will bruise Satan
under your feet shortly.” This
will come when Christ comes to reign for 1,000 years upon the earth.
If it was soon back then, how close is Christ’s coming
And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of
the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.
And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is
the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and
set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more,
till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must
be loosed a little season.
And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of
fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and
shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Final Salutation and Conclusion
Rom 16:21 Timotheus my
workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute
Rom 16:22 I Tertius, who
wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord.
Rom 16:23 Gaius mine
host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain
of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
Rom 16:24 The grace of
our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
In the salutation, greetings
are extended to a number of Christian friends and fellow workers in
the gospel. I am sure
it was an honor to labor along with Paul.
With the exception of Jesus Christ, I don’t think we have a
better example of a sold out life for God in the New Testament.
Paul’s life breath was to do the Will of God, just like his
Savior. Oh that we
might gain the spiritual vision of these great men of old, and be so
driven for the things that matter.
2 Cor 4:18
While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the
things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are
temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.
2 Cor 5:1
For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were
dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands,
eternal in the heavens.
2 Cor 5:2
For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon
with our house which is from heaven:
2 Cor 5:3
If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.
2 Cor 5:4
For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened:
not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality
might be swallowed up of life.
2 Cor 5:5
Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God,
who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
2 Cor 5:6
Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we
are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
Rom 16:25 Now to him
that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the
preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the
mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
Rom 16:26 But now is
made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to
the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations
for the obedience of faith:
Rom 16:27 To God only
wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.
Paul called the gospel “my
gospel.” It was the
Gospel of Christ that had been preached by him.
1 Cor 15:1
Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I
preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye
1 Cor 15:2
By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I
preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
1 Cor 15:3
For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also
received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the
1 Cor 15:4
And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day
according to the scriptures:
The mystery he speaks of in
verse 25 is the truth of the gospel which had been preached to the
Jews but was now fully revealed to both Gentiles and Jews.
It had been made known to all nations. (Verse 26). Paul closes seeking that Christ might be
glorified through His church. He
was then, He is today, and will be forever more glorified by the
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